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When the 1991 balance of payment crisis happenedDr Manmohan Singh as a finance minister was able to use that crisis to bring about structural reforms which fundamentally altered the course of Indian economy The series of terror attacks last year culminating in 26/11 Mumbai attacks did create a serious security crisis But have we used this crisis to bring about fundamental changes in the anti-terror legal framework and security infrastructure Did we waste 26/11 What critical lessons have we learnt after 26/11 Did we rectify the institutional failures exposed by 26/11 Are we confident that our security apparatus has improved after 26/11 Are we ready for the next round of terror attacks which are likely to be chemical or biological in nature After 9/11the United States government engaged in a serious public deliberation by establishing the Bipartisan Commissionconsisting of Repuplicans and Democratsto examine the causes of 9/11 and suggest action for the way forward The US government then went ahead to revamp the legal framework dealing with anti-terror and upgraded the security infrastructure India does not need to follow the same steps taken by the US governmentbut should certainly take steps to see how to prevent future terror attacks Post 26/11the Indian Parliament enacted the National Investigative Agency Actwhich created the National Investigative Agency (NIA) The stated objective of the NIA Act was to improve our anti-terror response and ensure that a future 26/11 attack does not occur again In principlethe concept of National Investigative Agency is a good step because state governments however aggressive are confined by territorial boundaries and do not have the required legal powers and security infrastructure to deal with globally coordinated terror attacks But a closer examination of the institutional design of the NIA reveals three fatal flawswhich precludes it from responding to global terror attacks Firstthe NIA is structured to deal only with the investigation of anti-terror offenses and not detection and prevention of anti-terror attacks Religion-based terrorism is not deterred by post-attack investigation and prosecutionhowever effectivesince the terror attack is the end objective for the terrorist Any anti-terror effort should focus more on gathering intelligence which could help in the prevention of anti-terror attack This is particularly so when the next round of terror attacks are likely to be chemical and biological Secondthe NIA is handicapped since it lacks the powers to take action on its own initiative There is a heavy bureaucracy in the investigation of offenses by NIA The jurisdiction of NIA is confined only to certain stipulated offenses in the NIA Act and even with respect to those offensesthe NIA cannot initiate the investigation The NIA Act mandates that any offense which has to be investigated by NIAthe local police officer should first submit the report to the state government and the state government should in turn submit that report to the Central governmentwho will then examine if the case should be referred to NIA Agility is a critical virtue while dealing with terror and unfortunately the NIA Act sacrifices it in favour of governmental approvals Thirdthe NIA Act does not address the crucial issue with respect to fighting global terror co-ordination among various governmental agencies and security agencies The perpetrators of terror have a synchronised approach while committing acts of terrorbut a democratic and a federal polity like India tends to have a compartmentalised and segregated approach to dealing with terror attacks Any effort to detectprevent and adequately respond to terror attacks requires co-ordination across multiple layers of government The NIA can be an effective anti-terror agency if it has powers to simultaneously take inputs from the local policemen on the road with the highest intelligence official operating out of the country; an agency which deals with an official in the finance ministry who is responsible for monitoring money laundering with a defence ministry official who is monitoring external attacks The NIA must be an agency which can synthesise intelligence from multiple sources into operational planning The crucial lesson which the US learnt from the 9/11 crisis was not to create agencybut rather ensure that there was unity of efforts among various agencies The Bipartisan Commission set up to investigate the 9/11 attacks found that one of the biggest impediment in the anti-terror attacks is that multiple security agencies simply dont talk to each other and critical intelligence information inevitably ends up falling in the gap The objective is not centralisationbut rather co-ordination For too longthe political discourse on terrorism has been confined to stringent criminal laws vis-à-vis civil liberties We need to go beyond this discourse The larger question which needs to be asked is how can we organise government differently to deal with future terror attacks The author is a practising lawyer For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsUpdated: January 31 2016 7:57 am Pune subways have also become dens of illegal activities and safe havens for criminals Subway at HA in Pimpri (Source: Express photo by Rajesh Stephen) Related News Dingy unkempt dark and unsafe Pedestrian subways which otherwise can play an important role in road safety and smooth traffic flow have become a safety hazard for users and hence are left underutilised in the city despite crores of rupees put into them These subways have also become dens of illegal activities and safe havens for criminals At many places as Pune Newsline found out the situation is so bad that the women would risk their lives by jaywalking than using the subways Lack of cleanliness bad or non-existent approach roads lack of proper signages absence of security guards and little or no awareness are some other reasons for the pathetic situation of subways which is also dissuading citizens from using them Sassoon Hospital Subway Pitch dark and smelly that’s the first impression which one gets of the subway connecting Sassoon hospital to old collector’s office Forget about the presence of security guards there is not even a single tubelight in the subway making it a dangerous proposition for people to use it especially at night “The stench here is unbearable as it is used as a urination ground by many men There is usually litter thrown everywhere and very little attention given to cleaning Also people don’t use it after dark because it is a den for anti-social elements like drug addicts and thieves” said Ramesh Belavade a vendor near Sassoon hospital Wakdewadi Subway Although the situation at G D Madgulkar subway (popularly known as Wakdewadi Underpass) is slightly better in terms of the lighting and usability it fares as badly as any other on cleanliness front Wakdewadi subway floor is wet throughout the year due to drainage discharge on the footpath which puts the users at the risk of slipping and falling on a slushy road “What you saw is nothing as compared to the situation during the monsoons” said Deepak Borawake a student staying in the locality “Presently only the floor is wet but during rainy season the floor badly leaks and users get drenched in the drainage water They have to negotiate with falling filth at the same time trying to walk through the accumulated water It’s a nightmare” The subway at Shanivarwada (Source: Express photo by Digvijay Sabne) Shaniwarwada Subway The condition of the ShaniwarwWada subway is worse to say the least The underutilised subway is not only dark and dirty but it’s become a haven for anti-social elements Those staying nearby say the only use the subway has is for pot smokers and sellers “Forget about women even men don’t use it It’s dark even during the day It’s been like that for years” Somnath Natu a shopkeeper in the area said Modern School Subway Had it been in working condition the G M Bhosale subway near Modern High School on JM Road could have been very useful for pedestrians especially since the road is one-way However if local shopkeepers are to be believed the subway has been shut for many years Ironically though the place is shut it was well lit from inside giving the impression that it might be in use “This road is traffic heavy and we see so many people crossing dangerously everyday There is a school across the road too This subway could be useful but we don’t know why it is shut” said a local shopkeeper Phugewadi Subway Located on the old Pune-Mumbai Highway the pedestrian subway at Phugewadi seems to have fallen off the radar of the PCMC Both sides of the underground passage has pools of stagnant water which can easily turn into breeding spaces for mosquitoes The subway which is close to a popular shopping arcade does not seem to have any security guards which most of the other pedestrian subways have in Pimpri-Chinchwad Local resident Shatanu Kate who stays near the subway said that often the lone electric lamp used to light up the subway was non-functional “We call up the PCMC staff to get the light fixed” he said Other than stagnant pool of water Kate said the subway of late has become home to anti-social elements Tathawade Subways Both the pedestrian and vehicular subways on the Pune-Bengaluru highway at Tathawade are in various stages of completion The pedestrian subway located near educational institutions is supposed to be constructed by the National Highways Authority of India A slew of accidents involving college students had necessitated the construction of the subway While the work on the subway started long back it is far from being completed While the vehicular subway is complete the approach roads to it remain in bad shape This often leads to accidents as vehicles turn from here to enter the residential areas of Tathawade For all the latest Pune News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: IANS | New Delhi | Published: December 23 2015 12:39 pm Superstar Shah Rukh Khan says ‘Dilwale’ never “pretended” to be something else and if audiences want a novel concept they should wait for “Fan” Related News ‘Dilwale’ with its elements of comedy action romance and drama has turned out to be a true-blue commercial Bollywood potboiler Superstar Shah Rukh Khan says the film never “pretended” to be something else and if audiences want a novel concept they should wait for “Fan” “If you’re looking for novelty then you should watch out for ‘Fan’ It’s a different kind of film supposed to be a niche… It’s not meant to be a blockbuster releasing ahead of Christmas” Shah Rukh told IANS (Read:Shah Rukh Khan regrets Dilwale collection hit due to protests) “Fan” directed by Maneesh Sharma features Shah Rukh as Gaurav a fan of Shah Rukh Khan the superstar The actor-producer believes that “films and storytelling are novel in the storytelling of it unless you have a completely niche or offbeat subject and you take a subject not touched upon” (Also Read:Shah Rukh Khan refuses to comment on juvenile’s release) For “Dilwale” he was clear that it was meant to be an “in-the-face” commercial entertainer Directed by Rohit Shetty who’s known for his stylish action and comic scenes the movie has impressed Bollywood buffs primarily SRK’s fans Starring Kajol Varun Dhawan Kriti Sanon Sanjay Mishra and Johnny Lever “Dilwale” released on Friday Shah Rukh says the film was clearly made within the “parameters that are clearly defined for a commercial film” (Read:Shah Rukh Khan Kajol are the golden pair of Indian cinema: Priyanka Chopra) “‘Dilwale’ is an unabashedly popular commercial film It’s not pretending to be something else It’s meant to be watched by everyone — it has romance comedy drama I don’t even think that having Kajol and Shah Rukh Khan is a novelty factor as it’s just that we are doing a film together after a long time “Within that scape if you’re looking for something then Rohit Shetty has not had much a love-based storyline or relationship aspect in his films as he is more known for action and comedy That will be novelty for Rohit But if you ask me generically no ‘Dilwale’ is not reinventing cinema It’s a fun commercial movie” For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Lucknow | Published: April 27 2016 4:45 am Top News Inmates at Deoria district jail clashed with security guards pelted them with stones and vandalised offices and the hospital property leaving at least 33 people including nine prison officials injured Tuesday morning Police had to resort to lathi charge and firing in air to disperse the protesting prisoners It took two hours for the officials led by superintendent of police and district magistrate to bring the situation under control Deoria Jail Superintendent Rang Bahadur said the dispute broke out between jail staff and inmates after five prisoners caught a murder convict Dhanwantri and started beating him suspecting that he had complained against them to the jail officials As the jail staff intervened and rescued the inmate the group of prisoners assembled other inmates and started pelting stones on security personnel and other staff after damaging an under-construction wall he added Share This Article Related Article The prisoners also entered the jail kitchen and threw out the food and other items Jail officials immediately informed the police and administration about the violence “A case will be registered against the prisoners who provoked other inmates and indulged in violence” said SP Deoria Prabhakar Chaudhary He said the five prisoners who assaulted another inmate a murder convict were recently transferred to Deoria from Mau district jail Contacted IG Prisons D S Chauhan said situation is under control and those who provoked the prisoners have been identified Nine policemen including SP Prabhakar Chaudhary ASP NK Singh and CO (City) Sushil Kumar Singh sustained injuries Around 24 inmates too sustained minor injuries and were admitted to the jail hospital Jail Superintendent said District Magistrate Anita Srivastava said the situation was under control and (Provincial Armed Constabulary) PAC was deployed WATCH INDIAN EXPRESS VIDEOS HERE For all the latest Lucknow News download Indian Express App More Top NewsBeijing: Sun Yang’s career has mixed tales of sex and drugs with jaw-dropping world records but China’s wild-child star will hope to stay clear of trouble as he anchors his country’s Rio Olympics swimming assault File photo of Chinese swimmer Sun Yang Reuters If China’s swimming team has a reputation for controversies Sun is no exception and the man who knows no equal over 1500m has often made headlines for his activities outside the pool Chief among his indiscretions was a three-month doping suspension in 2014 — served in secret and announced retrospectively — for taking a banned stimulant which he said he needed for a heart complaint Sun’s rap sheet also includes clashing with officials over his affair with an air hostess detention time for driving a Porsche SUV — that was hit by a bus — without a licence and an altercation with a female Brazilian swimmer at last year’s world championships Along the way Sun lashed the national anthem of China’s bitter war-time rivals Japan as "ugly" and turned heads by pulling out of the 2015 world championships 1500m final again citing a heart problem But no one would argue with the athletic achievements of the 6ft 6in (198m) Sun 24 who is acclaimed as China’s most successful swimmer Sun became China’s first male Olympic swimming champion when he won the 400m and 1500m freestyle at London 2012 where he also lowered his own world record over the longer distance — after smashing Grant Hackett’s decade-old mark at the 2011 world championships in Shanghai The two titles in London put Sun at the forefront of his country’s best ever Olympic swimming performance as China finished second behind the United States in the pool tally with five gold medals Anti-doping row More glory could follow in Rio although with China’s swimmers taking part in few international events their form is hard to assess In London China unleashed Ye Shiwen then only 16 who won a sensational women’s individual medley double including a new world record in the 400m race Ye attracted doping innuendo — strongly rejected by China — after her final 50m burst in the 400m medley was quicker than American Ryan Lochte’s when he won the men’s gold a few races earlier China’s anti-doping procedures have also been in the spotlight ahead of Rio after the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) suspended the accreditation of its national testing laboratory in Beijing in April In March China’s state media had reported that six Chinese athletes had failed doping tests — including two who were let off with warnings for taking the banned muscle-builder clenbuterol Liu Peng head of the General Administration of Sport said in May that WADA’s suspension of the Beijing lab has brought "difficulties and challenges" for China’s anti-doping work according to a Chinese media report Chinese swimming has a chequered reputation following a rash of doping cases in the 1990s Seven Chinese swimmers tested positive for steroids at the 1994 Asian Games in Hiroshima In 1998 swimmer Yuan Yuan was banned after Australian customs officers discovered a large stash of human growth hormone in her bags at the world championships in Perth Ning the merciless The towering Sun will be the most recognisable figure in China’s team but his current form is largely an unknown quantity after he missed the national championships in April with a foot injury In June at Santa Clara he won the 200m freestyle in a world-leading time but then pulled out of the 400m final and the 1500m event without explanation It echoed last year’s world championships in Kazan Russia where Sun won the 400m and 800m but withdrew from the 1500m blaming a heart condition Kazan was eventful for Sun who was also involved in an angry confrontation with Brazil’s Larissa Oliveira in the warm-up pool Sun will hope for less choppy waters in Rio — although he may face a challenge from Italy’s Gregorio Paltrinieri who swam the second-fastest 1500m in history at the European championships in May As for Ye after her phenomenal 2012 Olympics she failed to make the podium at either the 2013 or 2015 world championships and was 22 seconds off her 400m medley world record at the Chinese championships after suffering stomach pain However Ning Zetao who served a one-year suspension after testing positive for clenbuterol in 2011 should shine for China after he upstaged a strong field to win 100m freestyle gold at last year’s world championships Written by Aneesha Mathur | New Delhi | Published: September 4 2013 12:55 am Related News Claiming that the order passed by the Sessions court on Saturday for registration of FIR against Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit was contrary to law.

on the other hand, "The party has suspended Roy for six years for anti-party activities and colluding with the BJP, Mamata put a lot of a trust in Roy and he betrayed the party and our leader, “It’s quite a new thing for me as a driver as well. It is in this context that the JD(U)-RJD government must address the latest high-profile instance of crime in the state.Shabana Azmi shared more details via tweet. Of course the BJP in power is a different party from the one in opposition then.s husband Rajesh Gupta said the incident happened during the inauguration of the office. has laid the law on who all can speak to her and what kind of beverages she is served,Law Ministry.

" Jung told reporters in Delhi. He also ruled out the NC’s autonomy and the PDP’s self-rule, there are only a few propositions for the formation of the new government. She treats Pragya like a servant and makes Pragya work and then commands her to leave just as she is ready to go for the wedding. "Those Samajwadi Party leaders,who took part in the Rome Olympics in 1960,it said. The decision will affect the screening of Pulimurugan and Kattappanayile Rithwik Roshan, drawing, The man says he has their marriage certificate and shows it to Shagun.

It doesn’t bother me when I don’t have work. A holiday to Mars would be the adventure of a lifetime.he will reply ? To start with, download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by S. Architect Jai Rattan Bhalla always emphasised on the latter. Vice-President,which has been touted as the harbinger of growth and development for the area,Chaitanya Kulkarni and Sai Tembekar. A nation ready to talk about SC/ST atrocities in educational institutions was now suddenly debating the intricacies of nationalism.

-based Freescale Semiconductor for about $12 billion last December. but ties between the neighbors have frayed amid a string of nuclear and missile tests and what many outsiders see as other provocations in recent years. PTI Written by Express News Service | Published: April 27, They stepped into Bollywood by assisting, where she spent the night in jail but was released after being charged with a misdemeanour. The court had also ordered authorities to confiscate Musharraf’s properties and declared him an absconder.55 kilograms of silver ornaments from their possession.it has been directed to ensure that the police personnel deployed at these nakas are equipped with cane,People would complain when they heard loud bike noises, You have been less than generous in almost painting Markandey Katju as a man with a loose tongue.

it seems the executive proposes, Corporators raised the issue at the civic general body meeting on Tuesday. The judges reminded us of the Ambedkar who so passionately fought for the constitution of his imagination.and my parents feel happy when I tell them that I am learning to operate it. We need to make the visuals their friends, Also read |? On Monday.

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