Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest New products improve serviceability, efficiency, and monitoring for field operations John Deere announces new precision ag products, including John Deere Harvest Mobile and John Deere Field Connect with a Gateway 3G upgrade and Wireless Radio Kit.“These newest updates to our ISG products provide our customers with more functionality and service, resulting in higher levels of machine performance and decision-making in the field,” says Diana Reed with John Deere Intelligent Solutions Group (ISG). “We introduced John Deere Harvest Mobile – a performance and information enhancing system – and improved serviceability to Field Connect with 3G modems and the Wireless Radio option.”John Deere Harvest MobileJohn Deere Harvest Mobile is an easy-to-use tool that optimizes machine functions to improve grain harvesting operations. It also features data collection and transfer to help operators make timely decisions with a simple, usable interface that makes harvest information easily available to operators and trusted advisors.“Harvest Mobile integrates with a customer’s equipment and technology, making the transition simple and easy,” says Reed. “Plus, the Interactive Combine Adjustment (ICA) function displayed in Harvest Mobile optimizes combine performance by guiding users to make adjustments when necessary.”Aside from setting adjustments, ICA helps to improve grain quality, which reduces docking fees with the clean grain optimization function. It also helps operators capture more grain and reduce harvest losses. Harvest Mobile will be available to order on August 31.Field Connect Gateway 3G and Wireless UpgradesThe new Field Connect Gateway 3G and Field Connect Wireless Radio option allows users a wider range of serviceability when installed in the field for remote moisture and environmental sensing. All new units will be shipped with 3G modems in the Field Connect Gateway. Current Field Connect users looking to upgrade units from 2G to 3G can do so at a low cost and with a quick turnaround.Upgraded 3G modems, available now for order, can reach more locations with faster connection speeds. In addition, the upgrade prepares field units for wireless connectivity, an optional feature that maximizes the use of Field Connect Gateway in remote locations.“The Wireless Radio Kits allow producers to add up to eight radios to be used as field nodes for each gateway to provide more detailed field information,” adds Reed. “Customers can use the kits to optimize the number of nodes within one mile of the gateway, and can connect up to eight nodes per gateway with 3G coverage.”The wireless option is compatible with existing Field Connect Gateway systems, soil moisture probes and environmental sensors, and will be available to order starting August 31.For more information on these precision ag products and other innovations from John Deere, see your local John Deere dealer or visit www.JohnDeere.com/Ag.
This post originally appeared at Yale Environment 360. Northern Germany, from the Polish borderlands in the east to the Netherlands in the west, is the stronghold of Germany’s muscular onshore wind power industry. This is where the lion’s share of the country’s nearly 30,000 wind turbines are sited, a combined force equal to the power generation of about 10 nuclear reactors. Where Germany’s northernmost tip abuts Denmark, soaring turbines crowd the horizon as far as the eye can see. And many more are coming as Germany strives to go carbon neutral by 2050. Yet despite their impressive might, the north’s wind parks are a reminder not only of how much has been accomplished in Germany’s Energiewende, or clean energy transition, but also of what remains to be done. The country has made a Herculean effort to shift to a clean energy economy. In just the past five years, government support and costs to consumers have totaled an estimated 160 billion euros ($181 billion). But Germany’s greenhouse gas emissions have not declined as rapidly as expected in response to the vigorous expansion of renewable energy, which now generates 40% of the country’s electricity. Germany’s politicians are even resigned to falling significantly short of the country’s 2020 goal of reducing emissions by 40% below 1990 levels.RELATED ARTICLESGermany’s Energy RevolutionGermany’s Plus-Energy TownOur All-Renewable Energy FutureDebating Our All-Renewable Energy FutureCost of Renewable Energy Continues to Fall Germany’s failings have come as a vexing shock to its environmentally conscious citizenry. While Germans still overwhelmingly back the energy transition — for years polls showed support in excess of 90% — about three-quarters say the government is not doing enough to slow global warming. Today, the Energiewende finds itself stalled and floundering. Germany’s carbon emissions have stagnated at roughly their 2009 level. The country remains Europe’s largest producer and burner of coal, which generates more than one-third of Germany’s power supply. Moreover, emissions in the transportation sector have shot up by 20% since 1995 and are rising with no end in sight, experts say. German consumers have seen their electricity bills soar since 2000, in part because of the renewable energy surcharge. Now, complex, discomfiting questions loom about the way forward if Germany is to meet even its minimal targets and play the nation’s part in putting the brakes on global warming. From green groups on the left, to independent think tanks, to industry associations, experts have put forth numerous plans to regain the momentum of the Energiewende and decarbonize Germany’s economy. The issue is urgent: The German Energy Agency (DENA), a think tank supported by public and private funds, found that if the country continues along its present course, carbon emissions will fall by only 62% by 2050 — well short of the government’s goal of slashing emissions up to 95% below 1990 levels by mid-century. And analysts say that the challenges Germany now faces will confront other industrialized societies as they attempt to wean themselves off fossil fuels. The effort began as a grassroots campaign The Energiewende began as a bottom-up movement that took off in 2000 when grassroots campaigns persuaded legislators to support renewable energy expansion through feed-in tariffs. In the aftermath of the Fukushima nuclear disaster in Japan in 2011, Chancellor Angela Merkel and her government got behind the energy transition and drafted blueprints to guide it. But in recent years, the government, in the face of auto industry opposition, backed off decarbonizing the transportation sector; has not supported a significant price on carbon; has dragged its feet on grid expansion; has declined to set a date for phasing out coal; and has not implemented significant parts of its own 2050 climate program. Some analysts say that Merkel’s decision to step down in 2021 could be a boon for the Energiewende, as the Green Party is rising in the polls and will likely play an important role in the next government. Against this backdrop, the German government’s Climate Protection Program 2050, the Energiewende’s current road map, has come under a barrage of criticism. “The goals set in the climate program aren’t nearly ambitious enough,” says Benno Hain of the Federal Environment Agency, referring to its vague aim of reducing emissions by 80% to 95% compared to 1990 levels. Germany must shoot for a 95% reduction and nothing less, Hain says, which means new big-picture scenarios and greater rigor in implementing them. Tanja Gaudian, of the renewable energy utility EWS Schönau, argues that Germany is sorely in need of a new energy transition master plan. “It’s not even clear whether this Energiewende will continue to be one driven from below, by communities and citizens as it has so far, or whether the big utilities will be given a special role, even though they don’t deserve it,” she says, referring to their decades-long opposition to renewable energy. “There’s so much that’s up in the air.” Technological “miracles” won’t be necessary The government’s 2050 program, however, is not the only game plan in town for going climate-neutral. German industry, high-level research institutes, NGOs, and think tanks such as DENA have invested heavily in sophisticated analyses that sketch out alternative scenarios for decarbonizing Germany’s energy system. These scenarios address the nature of the technologies of the future; whether coal and other fossil fuels should be forced out of the energy supply or simply left to wither away through market forces; the role of synthetic fuels and hydrogen, as well as carbon capture and storage (CCS); and the extent and type of domestic renewable energy generation. All of these questions are complicated further by the ongoing phase-out of nuclear power, which is not contested in Germany.The major studies — even those conducted with involvement from Germany industry — concur that Germany can hit its 2030 targets if it changes course. At the very least, these pilot studies can inject new ideas into Germany’s energy policy debates. “These scenarios show that Germany’s climate and energy targets can be reached with current technologies and without breaking the bank,” says Toby Couture of the think tank E3 Analytics in Berlin. “We don’t have to pull rabbits out of hats or hope for technological miracles. There are two basic things needed to achieve these ambitious decarbonization goals: political will and investment certainty. In the early 2000s, Germany had both; now it arguably has neither.” Not surprisingly, green organizations and parties — including Greenpeace, Environmental Action Germany, Friends of the Earth Germany, and the German Greens and the Left Party — are calling for a more rapid expansion of renewable energies, a quicker legislated end to coal generation, and the full-scale revamping of Germany’s transportation sector. Greenpeace Germany has authored one of the most extensive models, which starts with the lofty premise that a 100% elimination of greenhouse gases (compared to 1990 levels) is possible in 30 years. Key to this scenario is that Germany can, and should, stop burning coal by 2030. Under this plan, the oldest and dirtiest coal-fired plants, one-third of Germany’s fleet, would have to shut down by 2020. Another third would close five years later, and the rest in 2030. Greenpeace calls for a steep carbon-pricing scheme that rises to 40 euros a ton by 2030. (The EU’s carbon-trading scheme currently lists a ton of carbon at 12 euros.) Wind and solar would bridge the gap The energy generation capacity lost by removing coal and nuclear power from the supply would be made up for primarily by renewables, argues Greenpeace — above all offshore wind, which is still in its early stages in Germany. While the massive rollout of offshore wind power — more than 12 times the current fleet of 1,170 turbines — is the central plank of Greenpeace’s strategy, it also calls for a tripling of onshore wind generation and five times the photovoltaic capacity. In the interim, Greenpeace acknowledges that renewables would probably have to be aided by natural gas-fired generation. These ambitious goals would be achievable, argues Greenpeace, by reducing demand: dramatic energy efficiency measures could slash demand for electricity by 18% and for heat by 46% compared to 2012 levels. Moreover, decarbonizing the transportation sector by 2030 implies not only accelerating the transition to electric vehicles, but phasing out conventional, gasoline-powered cars between 2025 and 2035, Greenpeace says. “It’s definitely feasible to ramp down coal by 2030,” says Jörg Mühlenhoff of the Agency for Renewable Energies, a Berlin-based renewables advocacy organization. Indeed, Mühlenhoff says that if a carbon price hits 30 euros, that would effectively spell the end of coal. He adds that renewables could cover most of the gap left by coal if the German government introduces new policy initiatives to spur investments in green energy. Until quite recently, most of Germany’s industrial sectors, particularly the more energy-intensive among them, had treated Energiewende with acute skepticism. They worried that high energy costs and supply bottlenecks would hurt their competitive edge in international export markets. Yet German industry is becoming more deeply involved in the Energiewende, given the demand for the likes of renewable energy infrastructure (think wind turbines, manufactured by Siemens), electric vehicles, and other green energy technologies. Industry now believes it’s better to jump on the bandwagon and engage in policy discussions rather than carp from the sidelines. Earlier this year, for example, a call for government action signed by 50 prominent businesses — including Siemens and the electronics and construction industries — insisted that “Germany needs a robust strategy for implementing its comparatively stringent emission reduction targets if it does not want to fall behind in the global race to develop carbon-neutral economies.” This turnaround is nowhere more evident than in the pilot study of the Federation of German Industries (BDI), Germany’s largest and most powerful industrial lobby organization. In close collaboration with German businesses, BDI has modeled several Energiewende scenarios that are unapologetically pro-business and pro-industry, yet support the broader goals of the energy transition. “The remarkable thing about the BDI study is that German industry is saying that the Energiewende is technically and economically feasible by 2050,” says Cyril Stephanos of Germany’s National Academy of Science and Engineering, which runs an Energy Systems of the Future program. “It shows that there’s money to be made and not just for industry but for the entire economy.” A need for an international consensus The BDI study, however, underscores that unless there’s a multilateral international consensus about targets, burden sharing, and tools like a global CO2 price, Germany should shoot for reducing emissions by only 80% below 1990 levels by 2050. The study claims that, when factoring in savings accrued by dropping fossil fuels from the supply, Germany could reach that target at an additional cost of 240 billion euros, while reducing emissions by a full 95% would cost the country 500 billion euros. This BDI scenario relies strongly on energy efficiency, especially in the housing and building sectors, where the chemical industry has much to gain from retrofitting older buildings and providing new buildings with state-of-the-art insulation. It calls for doubling the rate of retrofitting housing and urges requirements that all new homes essentially be highly energy-efficient “passive houses.” A third approach to fixing the Energiewende combines a rigorous reduction of emissions (95% by 2050) with solutions that appeal to German business. The research institute DENA favors a rollout of sun- and wind-based renewables, but also advocates for a broader mix of technologies that includes a high volume of synthetic fuels. Both the DENA and BDI scenarios also depend on carbon capture and storage (CCS) in the transition’s final phase, when energy intensive industries will have to be decarbonized. “We ran our modeling through several times,” explains Christoph Jugel, head of DENA’s energy systems analysis unit. “And even using other technologies we couldn’t manage to eliminate the last 16 million tons of CO2 left without CCS.” But Jugel notes that the different scenarios don’t factor in technological breakthroughs that can, and most probably will, happen in the decades ahead. Stephanos says the studies show that Germany will need anywhere from four to seven times as much wind and solar power as it has now. “All of the studies mention about 5 to 10 million electric cars by 2030,” notes Stephanos. “We’re ramping up, which is good, but we’re not yet close to even a million. There’s still a lot left to figure out. We don’t even know if electricity, hydrogen fuel cells, or biofuels are the best way to decarbonize transportation. It’s astonishing how much more Germany has to do.” Paul Hockenos is a Berlin-based writer whose work has appeared in The Nation, Foreign Policy, The New York Times, and The Atlantic.
By Molly C. HerndonThe 2016 RAND research brief, The Effect of Military-Change-of-Station Moves on Spousal Earnings, found a negative impact on spousal earnings as a result of a military move. Furthermore, this impact was found to be substantial and to have lasting affects beyond the year of the move. The study followed 900,000 military spouses from 2001 to 2012.The researchers in the report found that career earnings are impacted when military spouses leave a position and loose the associated job-specific skills. New careers often require acquiring new skills. Employees who hold certifications or state licensure face the barrier of getting re-certified, paying for, and successfully passing a state licensing exam.The report also found that spouses have calendar-year earnings that are nearly $2,100 less than spouses not experiencing a PCS, a figure that researchers found by combining total income lost by both working and non-working military spouses. However, just among working military spouses, the report found a $3,100 reduction in annual earnings among this group.Impact on FamiliesFamilies with young children experience even more financial loss as a result of a military move. The report says spouses with children younger than 6 experience a $2,600 average reduction in earnings, which is nearly double the loss of military spouses without young children.It’s possible that a loss of networks and support systems that provided family support and childcare is lost as a result of a move, which could prevent a military spouse from searching for or finding employment.While 93 percent of the military spouses in this study were female, the researchers found male military spouses’ earnings are also negatively impacted by moves. Interestingly, husbands experienced higher income loss following a move than wives.The financial loss as a result of a military move continues to be felt up to 3 years after the move, resulting in an average of $4,200 in total losses. The report notes this is particularly concerning as military families may be facing another PCS order just as soon as family incomes have balanced from a previous move.How to HelpThe recommendations from this report focus on support. Military programs aimed at alleviating transition expenses and providing support for obtaining career skills and employment after a move could reduce some of the income loss as a result of a military transition. The report highlights the Department of Defense’s My Career Advancement Accounts program which supports military spouses in learning new skills and obtaining credentials and licenses to make finding a new career easier. The report emphasizes the increased support needed to lessen the financial burden of moves on families with young children. iStock-495773568 purchased by MFLN from iStock.com under member ID 18347305 16 Jan 2019 Return to article. Long DescriptionLearn more about the research around military transitions and the programs in place to support military families through moves on April 2 at 11 a.m. ET in Research and Tools for Supporting Military Transitions. This free 90 minute webinar for military service providers will focus on the 2018 RAND report, Enhancing Family Stability During a Permanent Change of Station, as well as provide a tour of online services available to military service providers working with transitioning military families.
Even as the water situation steadily worsens in the arid Marathwada region, districts in the ‘water-abundant’ western Maharashtra, too, are feeling the impact of the drought stalking the State.Soaring mercury levels have resulted in the rapid depletion of water stocks in the 22 reservoirs which are part of the Bhima River basin in western Maharashtra and are the potable water lifelines of Pune and the township of Pimpri-Chinchwad.Zero storageAt least five of these reservoirs including Dimbhe and Temghar have zero storage now, while the total water stocks in seven other reservoirs was less than 10% of their capacity. The remaining 10 had a collective reserve stock of a little over 20% of their cumulative storage capacity.While Pune’s Guardian Minister Girish Bapat announced that Pune city would not face water cuts, sources in the Water Resources Department said reservoirs in the Pune region had barely 18% live water stock available as on May 6, compared to 38% at the same time last year.Pimpri-Chinchwad is also going dry, with water levels of the Pavana reservoir – the township’s lifeline – rapidly declining. The Pavana reservoir water stock which stood at 31% of its capacity at the beginning of the month has now been reduced to 26%.Water in the township is already being rationed with Pimpri-Chinchwad receiving water only on alternate days.Authorities informed that more than 750 tankers were deployed to provide relief to the worst-afflicted districts in the Pune division, of which Solapur, Mangalwedha, Satara and Maan among others were the worst-hit areas.As opposed to Pune district, the water situation was far worse in neighbouring Satara and Solapur districts.The Ujjani dam, the lifeline of Solapur, currently has a water level of -34.98% (dead water stock).On Sunday, Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) chief Sharad Pawar toured villages in Maan taluk, ticking-off the Devendra Fadnavis-led Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) government for its inadequate arrangements to combat drought.“Merely holding conference calls over phone with secretaries and other officials and taking a review will not help to provide relief to the drought-afflicted public. It is important to know the precise condition of the livestock, their owners, the fodder camps, the crops and these can only be ascertained by field visits,” said Mr. Pawar, in a strong rebuke to Mr. Fadnavis.He further pointed out that the aid of Rs. 90 per animal announced by the government was insufficient to tide the farmer in this hour of crisis as fodder and water were expensive and scarce.“The per animal monetary aid for fodder must be raised to Rs. 120. Furthermore, while the government may have arranged for tankers, water-supply through them was highly irregular at best,” Mr. Pawar said.The NCP chief said that people had complained to him during his visit that the potable water they received was of poor quality and often contaminated.“I am least interested in indulging in politics at this hour. But I urge the government to ensure that these problems are rapidly remedied and that employment opportunities be immediately created to prevent the increased migration of the rural populace,” Mr. Pawar said, urging the government to take responsibility for combating the crisis.Meanwhile, in Marathwada, despite the relief packages announced by the government, the scenario on ground remains grim as ever.Residents in pockets of Parli town in Beed district – the bastion of the Munde clan – are on a hunger strike in front of the Parli Municipal Council protesting against the acute water shortage.The groundwater table has plummeted sharply in several villages in Beed district as in other parts of rural Marathwada. In Jalna, irate residents staged a ‘rasta roko’ (roadblock) on Saturday protesting against the alleged mismanagement and theft of precious water resources.According to reports, the desperation of the people of Halsi village in Latur’s Nilanga taluk turned to bitter rage directed at their local representatives as they assaulted the village sarpanch (headman).The villagers had collected money to dig up three wells. But the headman, citing model code of conduct, refused to implement it causing the restive citizens to physically manhandle him.