Broadband centre launches in SA

first_imgA map of the internet. The broadbandphenomenon will connect people aroundthe world in a matter of seconds.Image: Wikimedia A broadband cable modem for home use.Image: WikimediaKhanyi Magubane As South Africa enters what’s been termed the “broadband boom”, internet company Cisco, is leading the way with the creation of an information and communication technology (ICT) innovation hub centre.The innovation hub, billed at about R215-milion (US$ 26-million), is set to be an advanced technology incubation centre aimed at fostering and developing local skills, intellectual property, entrepreneurship and solution development capabilities in the local ICT sector.Although the centre comes with a hefty price tag, Cisco says that the initiative is expected to contribute more than a R1-billion ($ 124-million) to the economy over the next five years.The hub aims to empower individuals with the needed skills when the broadband revolution kicks off in the country.According to Cisco South Africa managing director, Steve Midgley, South Africa is not far from joining the international community that has woken up to the benefits of broadband.“South Africa is on the brink of entering a broadband boom,” he said. “This will change the way people live and work – giving the public sector and business the opportunity to gain significant efficiencies.”Various programmes will run from the innovation hub, which is expected to create a minimum of 200 direct and 800 indirect employment opportunities.Initiatives to be based at the hub include InnovationLab, which will focus on developing the necessary technology solutions to solve common business challenges in South Africa.Also based at the centre will be the Cisco global talent acquisition programme (GTAP) aimed at tackling the growing shortage of skilled IT networking professionals in the country.The GTAP has already absorbed the first group of students who will be trained up to high-level network entrepreneurs, and eventually qualify as a Cisco Certified Internetwork Experts.Another skills development programme, Cisco Netversity, aims to create some 150-network design engineers through an experiential architecture and design programme.Midgley says Cisco has high hopes for the project, “[We aim] to drive productivity enhancements, to achieve cost reductions and to gain access to new market segments within their existing business models. [The innovation hub] will also create an enabling platform from which new business models can be created.”What is broadband?Broadband is a technological revolution on its own. Broadband enables the high-speed transmission of large amounts of data using cable technology. It’s basically a type of fast internet connection with an increased bandwidth.It increases the number of services that can be offered via the internet and digital television.High-capacity optical fibre networks may be used or, if there are existing phone networks, a technique called multiplexing allows more information to be carried through the old copper wires.According to, a beginners’ guide to using broadband in the United Kingdom, broadband enables the internet user toWatch video clips and listen to music in real time, including live broadcasts.Download music, software, film trailers and other files faster and more effective.Play games online.Do everything you could do before, just much faster.Other features of broadband include; not having to log on or off to your internet connection and eradicating fears of high call costs, as is the case with many dial-up connections.Broadband and AfricaITU telecom, a United Nations agency for information and communication technologies, says whilst broadband has been swift to take off in the developed world, Africa has been a different story.According to the agency, fixed line penetration is the lowest in the world, with only 2.8% at the end of 2002. This is in stark comparison with Europe’s 41%.The broadband market in Africa is currently at a budding stage with a number of Africa’s public telecoms operators beginning to deploy broadband services between 2002 and 2003.The agency argues that despite some growth and developments on the African broadband “scene”, the market remains at very early stages in its development, and its reach is limited to a minimal target market.It states that it’s easy to view broadband internet access as some sort of a luxury,“Broadband may be considered a luxury to many African governments whose citizens still lack access to basic amenities such as clean drinking water” says Avita Dodoo, project officer for Internet Policy at ITU.BMI-TechKnowlege (BMI-T), a Johannesburg-based telecommunications, internet and financial services consulting agency on the other hand, says there might be too much broadband in Africa.The company has written a report on undersea and land infrastructure on the continent. Research director, Brian Neilson, said it seemed unlikely that all of the projects aimed at carrying the broadband cables would come to fruition.According to Neilson, Seacom, a cable carrying line that runs along the east coast of Africa should be operational from 2009. He said that it was ahead of the race and should emerge as the winner.Neilson also noted that Seacom had simple ownership structures, supply and finance agreements in place, which was not the case with some of the other potential projects.The report also notes that the four most likely projects to come to fruition, according to BMI-T’s analysis of their business case and project management approach, were Seacom, The East African Marine System (or teams, spearheaded by the Kenyan government), the SA government’s Infraco (it plans a west African cable) and pan-African initiative Eassy (the eastern African submarine cable system).The rest of the projects that were deemed to never see the light of day, were bogged down by the complexity of multi-government involvement. Such a project, Neilson said, was the Nepad (New Partnership for Africa’s Development) led UhuruNet project.Africa has been rated fourth in broadband penetration among six continents that were sampled by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) in the 2007.According to the website: South Africa – the good news, in 2007 Africa was rated by the Economist Intelligence Unit as fourth in its uptake of broadband services. Africa was rated along with the Middle East region. The continent scored 7.4 behind North America 10, Western Europe 9.9, Central and Eastern Europe 7.6.Scores are on scale of one to 10, with 10 representing the highest level of affordability.South Africa was reported by EIU as an example where broadband deployment progress has made broadband access much more affordable in recent years.“South African e-commerce consultancy World Wide Worx reports that online sales of consumer goods grew by 25% in 2006 to the tune of R688 million (US$86-million.” EIU added in its report.Broadband and South AfricaSouth Africa has an increasing broadband market. In 2005, a number of broadband product categories were released in the country, with South Africa’s fixed land line operator Telkom’s ADSL programme seen as the most successful.Although Telkom, a government parastal company is currently enjoying a monopoly in the ICT sector, it isn’t the only provider of broadband solutions.Vodacom and MTN, South Africa’s two leading cellular providers also joined the broadband market with their 3G services in 2005. 3G refers to the third generation of cellular data transfer, giving users a faster download rate.Other broadband providers in South Africa include the wireless providers, Sentech and Wireless Broadband Solutions Pty ltd, which currently offer a service commonly known as iBurst, a broadband wireless internet service.The South African government is also part of a number of programmes, most notably, UhuruNet.UhuruNet was established on 15 October 2007, when ministers responsible for ICT and/or Telecommunications in countries that are signatory to the Kigali Protocol, met in Johannesburg, South Africa. This was done under the auspices of the Nepad-eAfrica Commission.The participants of the meeting approved the construction of a high capacity submarine cable system with the potential to connect each and every coastal and island African country, and connecting the continent to the Americas, Europe, Middle East, and India.The east coast cable will allow for links that will enable landlocked countries to be connected to the cable system, which will make connectivity through Africa much easier and at a significantly reduced cost.Do you have queries or comments about this articles? Email Khanyi Magubane at [email protected] linksCiscoITUMy BroadbandNepad eAfrica Commission Economist Intelligence UnitUhuruNetDepartment of CommunicationBmi-Tlast_img read more

Vote for the August Geocacher of the Month

first_imgIf you know an outstanding geocacher who should be considered for the honor, simply fill out this webform.Share with your Friends:More Team Geo-Rangers making the find.Team Geo-RangersGeocacher Newo Max had this to say, “Team Geo Rangers (Brett) as been caching since 2003, and recently reached his 30,000 find milestone. He’s hidden over 750 caches as well, including his SANTA BARBARIAN series profiling other local geocachers. He writes his motto “It’s all good!” in every cache he logs.“TGR” as he is widely-known both creates and attends event caches, and is always willing to help out new cachers with helpful advice and encouragement. We thanked him personally, and feel he says it best in his reply “Your welcome! Just trying to add value with the logs as a way to thank you for the extra effort. Every fun cache placed has a chance to attract and retain new geocachers. Keep up the great work!””Leave a comment to vote for the geocacher who you think should be Geocacher of the Month. Trekkie79Geocacher tweetnes says, “Trekkie79 is great geocacher with over 10,000 caches & put out 130 awesome caches. He is always there to help you out. You can call him anytime. He has done classes for 101 in geocaching & how to use the site.The world needs to know if all cachers were like him what a great world this would be.Plus he has a remarkable wife that backs him up & helps us all.” SharePrint RelatedThree Cheers for January’s Geocacher of the Month NomineesFebruary 13, 2015In “Community”May the Geocacher of the Month Be With You: Comment NowJune 14, 2014In “Community”North American Edition of Geocacher of the Month: Comment NowMay 19, 2014In “Community” Experience, friendliness and geocaching smarts—these could be used to describe all three nominees for the August 2014 Geocacher of the Month. Each has strong ties to their local communities, plenty of finds and hides, as well as a willingness to help out any geocacher who needs it. While all three are amazing, only one can be the Geocacher of the Month. Leave your comment below!Each of the nominees below is an essential part of the global geocaching community and will receive a prize package from Geocaching HQ in Seattle, but only one will be the next Geocacher of the Month. A  panel from Geocaching HQ will use your comments, community input and other data to decide the winner.Now it’s your turn to help us select the next Geocacher of the Month: write a supportive comment for the nominated geocacher you feel should be awarded the title.Geocacher ikolorikolorOne of the nominations for ikolor comes from Tracymegan who says, “When I first started caching and ever since then, I have always seen Ikolor as really a backbone of South Florida Caching. He wealth of knowledge, puzzle abilities, amazing finding skills, and determination to always fine a cache are unparalleled. She is the first to help out newbie cachers and is out and about with any number of cachers. You never know where you are going to find her. Her enthusiasm for this game and patience with all of us is so greatly appreciated! Her logs are fun and entertaining and her imagination is boundless.”Trekkie79 just zipping along.last_img read more

Feds announce funding for Churchill Man as rail dispute continues

first_imgCHURCHILL, Man. – The federal government has announced millions of dollars in economic diversification and research money for a northern Manitoba town that lost its rail service this year.Natural Resources Minister Jim Carr says the money will be used to help create jobs in Churchill, which is dealing with higher shipping costs and a drop in the vital tourism industry.The town of 900 people on Hudson Bay lost its only land connection to the south last spring, when railway owner Omnitrax announced it would not repair severe flood damage to the region’s rail line.Since then, goods and people have had to be flown in at much higher cost.The federal government has filed a lawsuit against Omnitrax and is trying to help transfer ownership of the rail line to a consortium of northern Manitoba communities.Carr says progress on that front is being made, and everyone is anxious to see the rail line under new ownership and fixed.“Certainly we’re very hopeful that this will be completed in time for the transportation season,” Carr said in an interview Friday.Churchill Mayor Mike Spence said he was glad to hear about the federal funding, which will be used for projects ranging from fresh-food gardens to new research jobs at the Churchill Marine Observatory.“It’s additional funding so that we can go through a very challenging and difficult time that we have here.”Spence said the main focus is on restoring rail service and he hopes a deal will be reached, although he would not go into detail.“We have a target that we need to meet and we’re moving along,” he said.“There’s certain things that need to be done. You know, we’re hoping to sit across the table — so to speak — shortly after the new year sometime.”— by Steve Lambert in Winnipeglast_img read more

Paul Haggis Strongly Denies Trio Of New Sexual Misconduct Allegations

first_imgAdvertisement Facing fresh allegations of sexual misconduct, Paul Haggis today postulated that the new charges were a tactic to force a mutimillion dollar settlement or the result of his long estrangement from Scientology.Three women have come forward to accuse Haggis of sexual misconduct after Haleigh Breest filed a civil suit last month accusing the Oscar-winning filmmaker of rape, the Associated Press reports. All three of the women approached Breest’s Emery Celli Brinckerhoff & Abady LLP attorneys with their claims.Christine Lepera, attorney for the 64-year-old screenwriter of Million Dollar Babyand Crash director has denied allegations of non-consensual sex. In fact, the lawyer denies the anonymous claims “in whole” for her client and floats larger moves at play. LEAVE A REPLY Cancel replyLog in to leave a comment Advertisement Login/Register With: “No one has reached out to anyone on Mr. Haggis’ team other than the press to report this,” Lepera said in a statement to Deadline. “He views the fact that these reports appear to be spearheaded from the law-firm representing Ms. Breest, as a further tactic to try to harm him and continue their effort to obtain money. Mr. Haggis also questions whether Scientology has any role here, which he notes has been attacking him for years with false accusations.” Facebook Advertisement Twitterlast_img read more

NCAA vote may allow studentathletes in ads

Active Ohio State student-athletes have never been allowed to appear in corporate advertisements. That will change for the Buckeyes and all Division I student-athletes if the NCAA Division I Athletic Council passes proposed legislation, which would allow game clips of current players to appear in advertisements. The council is expected to vote today at the NCAA convention in San Antonio. The relationship between the corporation and the university would have to be clearly stated. For example, Nike Inc., which outfits OSU’s athletic teams, could use highlights from this football season in its ads as long as it included something like “a proud corporate sponsor of Ohio State athletics,” said Michael Rogers, NCAA Amateurism Cabinet chairman. The cabinet is in charge of drafting the proposed legislation to alter current standards of amateurism, but it is not the only council involved. “This is a highly collaborative process,” Rogers said. “You try to get all of the stakeholders involved.” In doing so, he said, the cabinet reviewed proposed legislation from previous years along with feedback from university presidents and input from student-athlete advisory committees. “I know the issue but I’m just going to have to think about that,” OSU President E. Gordon Gee said in an interview with The Lantern. “I’m not a corporate guy. I’m an old- school guy. I don’t believe in playoffs or anything. Anything that is a slippery slope toward professionalization I have to be very careful about.” Despite the reduced restriction on the use of student-athletes’ images, many limitations will remain. “Direct endorsement is clearly prohibited, (and) then there are some other limits and … consents that have to be obtained,” Rogers said. “The last thing we are trying to do is exploit student-athletes.” Others argue that the new legislation will do just that. Big Ten Commissioner Jim Delany firmly opposes the legislation and told The Chronicle of Higher Education it was “the essence of exploitation.” Rogers said he understands his committee’s decision will be controversial. With “something like this you are never going to come up with a piece of legislation that everyone thinks is perfect,” he said. “What you try to do is strike the right balance.” If the athletic council feels that balance has been struck and passes the legislation, it will move on to the Division I Board of Directors for final approval. The committee can also choose to defeat the rule change or send it back to NCAA members for further review. If that is the case, Rogers said he expects his committee to be responsive. “I’ll be interested to see what they say and respond accordingly,” he said. “If we need to retool it or tamper it in some fashion, we can certainly do that.” The OSU compliance office did not respond to multiple requests for comment on its stance on the legislation. read more

Emilia Clarke: Next ‘Game of Thrones’ Fight Will Be Bigger Than Winterfell

first_imgStay on target ‘Game of Thrones’ Targaryen Prequel Series Is Reportedly Coming to HBO‘Game of Thrones’ Star Kit Harington Joins Marvel’s &#… Game of Thrones’ last season is in full swing, and the “Battle of Winterfell” left many fans in shock, as they watched a long fight between Iron Throne contenders and White Walkers. But, the power struggle is not over yet: According to Emilia Clarke, one of the last episodes will be bigger than Season 8, Episode 3’s deadly showdown.On Wednesday night, Clarke spoke with Jimmy Kimmel on Jimmy Kimmel Live! about filming the final season of Game of Thrones and what audiences might expect for the last three episodes.“Episode five is bigger,” Clarke told Kimmel. “Episode five is—I mean, four and five and six, they’re all insane, but like…find the biggest TV you can.”It’s likely that Episode 4 could be a transition episode, where the surviving heroes will form a plan of attack against Euron Greyjoy and Cersei Lannister, who are building up the ultimate fleet, as shown in the Game of Thrones Season 8, Episode 4 preview trailer. From what Clarke said though, fans might need to prepare themselves for what’s to come on Episode 5 and Episode 6.The “Battle of Winterfell” wasn’t a typical TV fight though: Season 8, Episode 3 required 55 nights of shooting and 750 people, according to Clarke. The episode, which featured multiple fight scenes between many characters and the Night King’s death, was the longest battle sequence created in TV history, Vox reported.Even though Season 8, Episode 5 is two weeks away, Clarke is making everyone stay on the edge of their seats for now. In the meantime, Season 8, Episode 4 could give fans a better understanding of how some of Westeros plans to take down Cersei Lannister, who will be the “last war” following the “Battle of Winterfell” aftermath.Game of Thrones Season 8, Episode 4 will premiere on Sunday, May 5 at 9 p.m. EST on HBO.<em><strong>More on</strong></em>&nbsp;</p><p>More on Look: ‘Game of Thrones’ Season 8, Episode 4 Photos ‘Game of Thrones’ Season 8, Episode 4 Preview: One Last War to Win‘Game of Thrones’ Stars Say Goodbye to ‘Battle of Winterfell’ Fallen Heroeslast_img read more

‘Game of Thrones’ Season 8 Premiere Sets New Guinness World Record

first_img ‘Game of Thrones’ Targaryen Prequel Series Is Reportedly Coming to HBO‘Game of Thrones’ Star Kit Harington Joins Marvel’s &#… Stay on target Game of Thrones is in its last season, however, the show is climbing the ranks when it comes to global demand: On the day of the series’ Season 8 premiere, the global demand exceeded the global premiere demand of every other TV show, for any season across all platforms and markets under measurement.Parrot Analytics, a firm that focuses on global audience demand measurement, collaborated with Guinness World Records to chart Game of Thrones Season 8 premiere’s demand and officially declared it as the most in-demand TV premiere, Deadline reported.Who will take the Iron Throne? Millions couldn’t wait to find out as @GameOfThrones comes to the final season— GuinnessWorldRecords (@GWR) May 3, 2019The firm’s methodology claims to leverage real-time, platform-agnostic, and global TV demand measurements. Parrot Analytics and Guinness World Records analyzed global demand for all series openers from April 2015 to April 14, 2019, the date of the Game of Thrones Season 8 premiere, to calculate the ranking.“Game of Thrones amassed a per capita global audience demand of 25.46 on 14th of April 2019, its Season 8 premiere day. Compared to its per capita global demand of 24.74 on the day of its Season 7 premiere, the latest and final season has premiered 2.9 percent higher globally,” Samuel Stadler, VP of marketing at Parrot Analytics, told Deadline in a press statement. “Premiere day demand has been particularly strong in the United States, United Kingdom, and France.”Game of Thrones Season 8, Episode 1, which highlighted Winterfell preparing for a battle with the Night King’s Army, generated millions of viewers, said a Guinness World Records press release. HBO confirmed that 17.4 million people streamed the episode on their subscription TV services, and their HBO GO and HBO NOW streaming apps, within 24 hours of the Season 8 premiere.“It comes as no surprise. Game of Thrones has its fans tightly clenched in its dragon-like grip, and excitement for this final series has seen phenomenal engagement across every platform,” Craig Glenday, editor-in-chief at Guinness World Records, said in the press release. “It has broken records since it first aired – for its viewership figures, Emmy wins, and even its status as the most pirated TV show! It looks like it’s going to continue breaking records right up to the final, undoubtedly devastating episode.”More on Look: ‘Game of Thrones’ Season 8, Episode 4 Photos‘Game of Thrones’ Season 8, Episode 4 Preview: One Last War to WinEmilia Clarke: Next ‘Game of Thrones’ Fight Will Be Bigger Than Winterfelllast_img read more

No MBA Debt: Get This Complete MBA Course for Under $15

first_img This $500 SEO Tool Is Only $24 TodayThis Easy-to-Fly LED Drone Performs Acrobatic Moves An Entire MBA in 1 Course – $14.99See Deal Few college credentials are as weighty as a Masters in Business Administration. But most MBA programs cost thousands and take years to complete, putting it out of many peoples’ reach. That’s what makes An Entire MBA in One Course a great alternative, especially when you can get in for just $14.99.Facilitated by award-winning business school professor Chris Haroun, this course teaches students the same skills they’d learn in an MBA program. They’ll discover best practices for launching a business, find out how to create financial models, and even learn how to get investors via an IPO. No, they won’t earn an actual MBA certificate, but they’ll be better equipped for professional success.If you’ve always wanted an MBA but didn’t have the time or money to invest in a college education, this course may be just the ticket. It’s delivered online so you can set your own schedule, the content is compatible with all desktop computers and mobile devices, and you’ll enjoy lifetime access so you can take as long as you want to complete it.Don’t let a lack of time and money keep you from achieving your dreams. Learn how to start a business and make it successful with An Entire MBA in One Course, normally $200, and now discounted by over 90 percent to just $14.99 for a limited time. Like this deal? Check out Vault — you’ll get four premium tools, including NordVPN and Dashlane, to supercharge your online security. Enter code VAULTONE to try it out for just $1! Stay on targetlast_img read more

Irresponsible Video Game Predictions for E3 2019

first_img Are you actually excited for E3 this year? Normally, that would be an easy “Yes!” After all, E3 is that special time of the year when everyone in the whole video game industry gathers to show off its future toys. That includes the public now, too. But even with the extra attendees, something about the energy of this year’s upcoming show just feels… lower. Fewer folks are going. Bigger games are being shown off outside of the event. And really we’re just stuck in a bit of a limbo since no one is quite ready to talk about the next-generation Xbox, PlayStation 5, or even the upgraded Nintendo Switch that are all clearly in the works.Still, we expect to see plenty of awesome video game announcements at E3 2019. And here are some predictions, along with some rumors and leaks, about what those announcements will be.NintendoNintendo will still deny the existence of a Switch mini but seeing portable-friendly games like Pokemon, Fire Emblem, Luigi’s Mansion, Animal Crossing, and an actual remake of a Game Boy Zelda game all back to back will pretty much give it away.Super Mario Maker 2 is already shaping up great (aside from a weird lack of online co-op with friends) but the last-minute reveal of a new theme will put it over the top for the June Launch. And that theme will be Super Mario… Odyssey!Animal Crossing just barely makes its 2019 release window by launching in December. But the wait will be worth it when we see not just how big these new towns are but their intimacy as well. Politics are back, baby!Another surprising Microsoft game will wind up on Switch whether it’s Ori, Rare Replay, or the Halo Master Chief Collection.Now that 64GB cards are about to be a thing, even more surprising ports will wind up on Switch including, finally, Grand Theft Auto V.Retro Studios gets its old projects off its plate, Metroid Prime Trilogy HD and Star Fox Grand Prix, before fully committing to Metroid Prime 4.Pikmin 3 is our last Wii U port for a good long time. Retail listing leaks have already pointed to the existence of a new Contra, Witcher 3 on Switch, some kind of roller derby battle game from Ubisoft, Watch Dogs Legion set in London where you control strangers, a Darksiders reboot, and a post-Activision Destiny 2 expansion set on the moon.Square Enix’s Marvel’s Avengers project looks so much like Destiny/Anthem but for superheroes that it just raises hype for Marvel Ultimate Alliance 3.At Bethesda, Fallout 76 gets a massive overhaul on the level of Final Fantasy 14: A Realm Reborn, but Starfield and Elder Scrolls 6 hibernate until they can be fully introduced for next-gen. Doom Eternal makes this easier to swallow.Ubisoft’s next Nintendo collaboration is a Mario+Rabbids sequel with more Mario RPG elements alongside the tactics gameplay. Fire Emblem but for Mario.EA finally makes a Star Wars game that doesn’t break any laws.Cyberpunk 2077 steals the show yet again.Half-Life 3 is a Playdate exclusive. Watch: Marvel and Square Enix’s ‘Avengers’ Gameplay Still Creeps Us OutPlay These E3 2019 Video Games Right Now Third-Party SonyWhile many games shown off at E3 will wind up on PlayStation 4 (and probably the PlayStation 5) Sony itself has already said it won’t be attending the show this year. We already made our guesses as to why that’s happening. So Death Stranding, Ghost of Tsushima, and Last of Us 2 all being no-shows isn’t a prediction, it’s a fact. Hopefully Knack 3 somehow slips under the cracks though.For more on what to expect at E3 2019 check out this feature on our sister site Stay on target MicrosoftA Microsoft character will appear in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate and we really hope it’s Master Chief.A new Battletoads is still a bad idea.Halo Infinite will be a barely disguised launch title for the next Xbox.Xbox cloud gaming will be better received in the wake of Google Stadia.No one will talk about the recent Sony/Microsoft partnership.In gratitude for Microsoft getting behind the original Titanfall, Xbox will get some kind of exclusive content in Apex Legends season two.There’s a new Forza.Final Fantasy VII remake appears on this stage just to mess with Sony.last_img read more

Growing ‘Alien’ Exoplanets Circle Distant Star in New Astronomy Image

first_img NASA Says 2 Asteroids Will Safely Fly By Earth This WeekendHubble Captures Saturn’s ‘Phonograph Record’ Ring System Stay on target Astronomers have captured an image of two “alien” exoplanets circling PDS 70, a young star that is located about 370 light-years from Earth, according to a new study.PDS 70 is the only second multi-planet system to be photographed following a four-planet system that was orbiting the star HR 8799, reported. Unlike HR 8799, PDS 70’s planets are not fully developed yet and still growing by carving out a wide gap within a planet-forming disk that surrounds the sun-like star, said a NASA press release. The study, which was recently published in the journal Nature Astronomy, suggests that forming planets can be responsible for some of the disk gaps astronomers have spotted in PDS 70 and other young star systems.“With facilities like ALMA, Hubble [Space Telescope], or large ground-based optical telescopes with adaptive optics, we see disks with rings and gaps all over,” Julien Girard of the Space Telescope Science Institute said in the press release. “The open question has been, are there planets there? In this case, the answer is yes.”According to the study, PDS 70 is roughly 6 million years old and it’s slightly smaller than our sun. The young star is surrounded by a disk of dust and gas with a big gap extending from approximately 1.9 to 3.8 billion miles.Exoplanets PDS 70 b and c. (Photo Credit: ESO / S. Haffert-Leiden Observatory)PDS 70 b, the innermost planet that was first spotted in 2018, is placed within the disk gap about two billion miles from its star and it could weigh from 4 to 17 times as much as Jupiter. PDS 70 c, a newly discovered planet, is near the outer edge of the disk gap roughly 3.3 billion miles from the star and it’s not as massive as PDS 70 b. The inner planet (PDS 70 b) circles the star twice in the time it takes the outer planet (PDS 70 c) to orbit around one time.PDS 70 c was detected from the ground with the European Southern Observatory’s (ESA’s) Very Large Telescope (VLT)’s MUSE spectrograph. Astronomers on the team were very surprised to find the second planet while using a new observing mode developed to study galaxies and star clusters.Our team is excited to present the first evidence for a circumplanetary disc (CPD)! CPDs are discs of gas and dust believed to surround giant planets (e.g. Jupiter) when they are born, and be the birthplace of their moons. Our results suggest newborn planet PDS 70 b has a CPD!— Valentin Christiaens (@Valentin__C) June 4, 2019“This new observing mode was developed to study galaxies and star clusters at higher spatial resolution,” said Sebastiaan Haffert of Leiden Observatory. “But this new mode also makes it suitable for exoplanet imaging, which was not the original science driver for the MUSE instrument.”NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope might be able to study this “planet nursery” and other planet systems with a similar observation technique in the future. This would allow scientists to measure the density of gas and the temperature within the disk, which would improve their understanding of the formation of gas giant planets.More on’s Planet Hunter Finds First Earth-Sized ExoplanetAstronomers Observe ‘Super-Jupiter’ Exoplanet for First TimeKepler’s First Exoplanet Candidate Confirmed, 10 Years Laterlast_img read more