The Bowl Championship Series stripped USC of its 2004 national championship Monday as a result of major infractions stemming from the ineligibility of former tailback Reggie Bush.Punished · Less than two weeks after the NCAA denied USC’s appeal, the BCS took away the Trojans’ 2004 national championship. – Summer Trojan file photo As a result of the ruling, USC must vacate the results of the 2005 Orange Bowl, the 2004 national title game in which USC defeated Oklahoma 55-19, as well as the 2006 Rose Bowl, in which the Trojans lost to Texas 41-38 in the final minutes.“The BCS alerted us today that their presidents have voted to vacate USC’s 2005 BCS Championship Game victory,” USC Athletic Director Pat Haden said in a statement. “This was not an unexpected outcome. We will comply with all requirements mandated by the result of this BCS vote.”The announcement comes 11 days after USC’s appeal of last June’s sanctions, which included a two-year postseason ban and a loss of 30 scholarships over three seasons, was denied by the NCAA’s Infractions Appeals Committee.The BCS was only waiting for the appeals process to be completed, before making its ruling official.“The BCS arrangement crowns a national champion, and the BCS games are showcase events for postseason football,” BCS Executive Director Bill Hancock said in a statement. “One of the best ways of ensuring that they remain so is for us to foster full compliance with NCAA rules. Accordingly, in keeping with the NCAA’s recent action, USC’s appearances are being vacated.”As a result, there will no BCS champion for the 2004-2005 season.“This action reflects the scope of the BCS arrangement and is consistent with the NCAA’s approach when it subsequently discovers infractions by institutions whose teams have played in NCAA championship events,” Hancock said.USC will still keep its Associated Press National Championship.
Klay Thompson knew something had happened when he landed awkwardly on his left knee late in Game 6 of the NBA Finals. Having never had a serious injury, he had no idea what he was dealing with.“I didn’t think it was that bad, initially,” Thompson told ESPN’s Cari Champion on Thursday in his first in-depth interview since his injury.“My adrenaline was so high being Game 6, whatever. I thought I sprained my knee. That’s all I thought it was.”If only. “When I went back to the …
A map of the internet. The broadbandphenomenon will connect people aroundthe world in a matter of seconds.Image: Wikimedia A broadband cable modem for home use.Image: WikimediaKhanyi Magubane As South Africa enters what’s been termed the “broadband boom”, internet company Cisco, is leading the way with the creation of an information and communication technology (ICT) innovation hub centre.The innovation hub, billed at about R215-milion (US$ 26-million), is set to be an advanced technology incubation centre aimed at fostering and developing local skills, intellectual property, entrepreneurship and solution development capabilities in the local ICT sector.Although the centre comes with a hefty price tag, Cisco says that the initiative is expected to contribute more than a R1-billion ($ 124-million) to the economy over the next five years.The hub aims to empower individuals with the needed skills when the broadband revolution kicks off in the country.According to Cisco South Africa managing director, Steve Midgley, South Africa is not far from joining the international community that has woken up to the benefits of broadband.“South Africa is on the brink of entering a broadband boom,” he said. “This will change the way people live and work – giving the public sector and business the opportunity to gain significant efficiencies.”Various programmes will run from the innovation hub, which is expected to create a minimum of 200 direct and 800 indirect employment opportunities.Initiatives to be based at the hub include InnovationLab, which will focus on developing the necessary technology solutions to solve common business challenges in South Africa.Also based at the centre will be the Cisco global talent acquisition programme (GTAP) aimed at tackling the growing shortage of skilled IT networking professionals in the country.The GTAP has already absorbed the first group of students who will be trained up to high-level network entrepreneurs, and eventually qualify as a Cisco Certified Internetwork Experts.Another skills development programme, Cisco Netversity, aims to create some 150-network design engineers through an experiential architecture and design programme.Midgley says Cisco has high hopes for the project, “[We aim] to drive productivity enhancements, to achieve cost reductions and to gain access to new market segments within their existing business models. [The innovation hub] will also create an enabling platform from which new business models can be created.”What is broadband?Broadband is a technological revolution on its own. Broadband enables the high-speed transmission of large amounts of data using cable technology. It’s basically a type of fast internet connection with an increased bandwidth.It increases the number of services that can be offered via the internet and digital television.High-capacity optical fibre networks may be used or, if there are existing phone networks, a technique called multiplexing allows more information to be carried through the old copper wires.According to Broadband.co.uk, a beginners’ guide to using broadband in the United Kingdom, broadband enables the internet user toWatch video clips and listen to music in real time, including live broadcasts.Download music, software, film trailers and other files faster and more effective.Play games online.Do everything you could do before, just much faster.Other features of broadband include; not having to log on or off to your internet connection and eradicating fears of high call costs, as is the case with many dial-up connections.Broadband and AfricaITU telecom, a United Nations agency for information and communication technologies, says whilst broadband has been swift to take off in the developed world, Africa has been a different story.According to the agency, fixed line penetration is the lowest in the world, with only 2.8% at the end of 2002. This is in stark comparison with Europe’s 41%.The broadband market in Africa is currently at a budding stage with a number of Africa’s public telecoms operators beginning to deploy broadband services between 2002 and 2003.The agency argues that despite some growth and developments on the African broadband “scene”, the market remains at very early stages in its development, and its reach is limited to a minimal target market.It states that it’s easy to view broadband internet access as some sort of a luxury,“Broadband may be considered a luxury to many African governments whose citizens still lack access to basic amenities such as clean drinking water” says Avita Dodoo, project officer for Internet Policy at ITU.BMI-TechKnowlege (BMI-T), a Johannesburg-based telecommunications, internet and financial services consulting agency on the other hand, says there might be too much broadband in Africa.The company has written a report on undersea and land infrastructure on the continent. Research director, Brian Neilson, said it seemed unlikely that all of the projects aimed at carrying the broadband cables would come to fruition.According to Neilson, Seacom, a cable carrying line that runs along the east coast of Africa should be operational from 2009. He said that it was ahead of the race and should emerge as the winner.Neilson also noted that Seacom had simple ownership structures, supply and finance agreements in place, which was not the case with some of the other potential projects.The report also notes that the four most likely projects to come to fruition, according to BMI-T’s analysis of their business case and project management approach, were Seacom, The East African Marine System (or teams, spearheaded by the Kenyan government), the SA government’s Infraco (it plans a west African cable) and pan-African initiative Eassy (the eastern African submarine cable system).The rest of the projects that were deemed to never see the light of day, were bogged down by the complexity of multi-government involvement. Such a project, Neilson said, was the Nepad (New Partnership for Africa’s Development) led UhuruNet project.Africa has been rated fourth in broadband penetration among six continents that were sampled by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) in the 2007.According to the website: South Africa – the good news, in 2007 Africa was rated by the Economist Intelligence Unit as fourth in its uptake of broadband services. Africa was rated along with the Middle East region. The continent scored 7.4 behind North America 10, Western Europe 9.9, Central and Eastern Europe 7.6.Scores are on scale of one to 10, with 10 representing the highest level of affordability.South Africa was reported by EIU as an example where broadband deployment progress has made broadband access much more affordable in recent years.“South African e-commerce consultancy World Wide Worx reports that online sales of consumer goods grew by 25% in 2006 to the tune of R688 million (US$86-million.” EIU added in its report.Broadband and South AfricaSouth Africa has an increasing broadband market. In 2005, a number of broadband product categories were released in the country, with South Africa’s fixed land line operator Telkom’s ADSL programme seen as the most successful.Although Telkom, a government parastal company is currently enjoying a monopoly in the ICT sector, it isn’t the only provider of broadband solutions.Vodacom and MTN, South Africa’s two leading cellular providers also joined the broadband market with their 3G services in 2005. 3G refers to the third generation of cellular data transfer, giving users a faster download rate.Other broadband providers in South Africa include the wireless providers, Sentech and Wireless Broadband Solutions Pty ltd, which currently offer a service commonly known as iBurst, a broadband wireless internet service.The South African government is also part of a number of programmes, most notably, UhuruNet.UhuruNet was established on 15 October 2007, when ministers responsible for ICT and/or Telecommunications in countries that are signatory to the Kigali Protocol, met in Johannesburg, South Africa. This was done under the auspices of the Nepad-eAfrica Commission.The participants of the meeting approved the construction of a high capacity submarine cable system with the potential to connect each and every coastal and island African country, and connecting the continent to the Americas, Europe, Middle East, and India.The east coast cable will allow for links that will enable landlocked countries to be connected to the cable system, which will make connectivity through Africa much easier and at a significantly reduced cost.Do you have queries or comments about this articles? Email Khanyi Magubane at [email protected] linksCiscoITUMy BroadbandNepad eAfrica Commission Economist Intelligence UnitUhuruNetDepartment of CommunicationBmi-T
In his address for the 14th Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture, Bill Gates spoke under the broad theme of “living together”. He touched on a range of topics, from health to education and governance. Missed it? Read and watch his speech. American philanthropist Bill Gates delivers the 14th Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture on 17 July 2016, the eve of International Nelson Mandela Day. He is pictured with Prof Njabulo Ndebele and Mandela’s widow, Graça Machel. (Image: Nelson Mandela Foundation)Bill Gates delivers 2016 Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture at University of Pretoria.Good evening ladies and gentlemen, Graça Machel, Professor Ndebele, vice-chancellor De la Rey, members of the Mamelodi families, friends and dignitaries. It is a great honour to have the opportunity to speak today.The theme of this year’s Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture is “living together.” This is fitting, because in many ways, “living together” was also the theme of Nelson Mandela’s life. The system he fought against was based on the opposite idea – that people should be kept apart, that our superficial differences are more important than our common humanity.Today, South Africans are still striving to “live together” in the fullest sense, but you are so much closer to that ideal because Nelson Mandela and so many others believed in the promise of one South Africa.I was nine years old when Nelson Mandela went to Robben Island. As a boy, I learned about him in school. I remember seeing reports about the anti-apartheid movement on the evening news.The first time I spoke with him was in 1994, when he called to ask me to help fund South Africa’s election. I was running Microsoft and thinking about software most of my waking hours. But I admired Nelson Mandela very much, I knew the election was historic, and I did what I could to help.I had been to Africa for the first time just the year before – in 1993 – when Melinda and I travelled in East Africa on vacation. The landscape was beautiful. The people were friendly. But the poverty, which we were seeing for the first time, disturbed us.It also energised us.Obviously, we knew parts of Africa were very poor, but being on the continent turned what had been an abstraction into an injustice we could not ignore. Melinda and I had always known we’d give our wealth to philanthropy – eventually. But when we were confronted with such glaring inequity, we started thinking about how to take action sooner.This sense of urgency was spurred on by another trip, in 1997, when I travelled to Johannesburg for the first time, as a representative of Microsoft.I spent most of the time in business meetings. But one day, I went to a community centre in Soweto where Microsoft had donated computers. My visit to Soweto – which was quite different then than it is now – taught me how much I had to learn about the world outside the comfortable bubble I’d lived in all my life.As I walked into the community centre, I noticed there wasn’t any electrical power. To keep the computers on, they had rigged up an extension cord that connected to a diesel generator outside. I knew that the minute I left, the generator would get moved to a more urgent task.As I read my prepared remarks, about the importance of closing the technology gap, I knew I was missing the point in some way. Computers could help people do some important things, and in fact they have revolutionised life on the continent in many ways. But computers couldn’t cure disease or feed children. And if they couldn’t be turned on, they couldn’t do anything at all.Soon after that, we started our foundation – because the costs of waiting had become clear. Our work is based on the belief that every person – no matter where they live – should have the opportunity to lead a healthy and productive life. We have spent the past 15 years learning about the issues and looking for the leverage points where we can do the most to help people seize that opportunity.It was when I started coming to Africa regularly for the foundation that I came to know Nelson Mandela personally. Aids was one of the first issues our foundation worked on, and Nelson Mandela was both an adviser and an inspiration.What we talked about most was the stigma around Aids. So I remember 2005 very clearly, when his son died of Aids.Rather than stay silent about the cause of his son’s death, Nelson Mandela announced it publicly, because he knew that stopping the disease required breaking down the walls of fear and shame that surrounded it.Watch his address:Progress and challengesIt is important to recall Nelson Mandela’s legacy – and I am grateful for the opportunity to do so. But Nelson Mandela was concerned with the future. He believed people could make the future better than the past. And so that’s the topic I’d like to discuss for the remainder of my time here today.What can South Africa be, what can Africa be, what can the world be – and what must we do to make it that way?The Millennium Development Goals adopted by the United Nations in 2000 laid a foundation that enabled Africa to achieve extraordinary progress over the last 15 years. And the Sustainable Development Goals that recently replaced them set even more ambitious targets for creating the better world we all want.When I talk about progress, I always start with child survival, because whether children are living or dying is such a basic indicator of a society’s success. Since 1990, child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa has been reduced by 54%. That translates to 1 million fewer children who died last year compared to 25 years ago. Ten African countries achieved the MDG target of reducing child mortality by two-thirds.Meanwhile, the incidence of poverty and malnutrition is down. And, though economic growth has slowed in the past few years, it has been very robust in many countries for more than a decade.This is very real progress, but the Africa Rising narrative doesn’t tell the whole story about life on the continent.First, the progress has been uneven. You know this very well here in South Africa. In last year’s Nelson Mandela Annual Lecture, the French economist Thomas Piketty pointed out that income inequality in South Africa is, quote: “higher than pretty much anywhere else in the world”.In general, African countries tend to have higher rates of inequality than countries on other continents. And despite healthy average GDP growth in the region, many countries have not shared in it. Gross inequalities exist both within countries and between countries. Until progress belongs to all people, everywhere, the real promise of living together will remain elusive.Second, even with the great progress Africa has made, it still lags behind the rest of the world in almost every indicator. In sub-Saharan Africa, 1 in 12 children will die before they turn 5. This is a vast improvement compared to 25 years ago, but African children are still 12 times more likely to die than the average child in a wealthy country. And because rates of poverty and malnutrition aren’t shrinking as fast as the population is growing, the total number of people who are poor or malnourished has actually gone up since 1990.Finally, the progress is fragile. The continent’s two largest economies, here in South Africa and in Nigeria, are facing serious economic turmoil. And new threats require attention. The Ebola crisis pointed out weaknesses in many national health systems. The effects of climate change are already being felt among farmers in many countries.In short, to meet the goals of the SDGs, Africa needs to do more, do it faster, and make sure everybody benefits.It won’t be easy, but I believe it can be done.The successes and failures of the past 15 years have generated exemplars and lessons that we can learn from. Phenomenal advances in science and technology are constantly expanding the range of solutions available to solve development challenges. And then there is the ingenuity of the African people.YouthOne topic that Nelson Mandela came back to over and over again was the power of youth. He knew what he was talking about, because he started his career as a member of the African National Congress Youth League when he was still in his 20s.Later on, he understood that highlighting the oppression of young people was a powerful way to explain why things must change. There is a universal appeal to the conviction that youth deserve a chance.I agree with Mandela about young people, and that is one reason I am optimistic about the future of this continent. Demographically, Africa is the world’s youngest continent, and its youth can be the source of a special dynamism.In the next 35 years, 2 billion babies will be born in Africa. By 2050, 40% of the world’s children will live on this continent.Economists talk about the demographic dividend. When you have more people of working age, and fewer dependents for them to take care of, you can generate phenomenal economic growth. Rapid economic growth in East Asia in the 1970s and 1980s was partly driven by the large number of young people moving into their work force.But for me, the most important thing about young people is the way their minds work. Young people are better than old people at driving innovation, because they are not locked in by the limits of the past.When I started Microsoft in 1975 – at the age of 19 – computer science was a young field. We didn’t feel beholden to old notions about what computers could or should do. We dreamed about the next big thing, and we scoured the world around us for the ideas and the tools that would help us create it.But it wasn’t just at Microsoft. Steve Jobs was 21 when he started Apple. Mark Zuckerberg was only 19 when he created Facebook.The African entrepreneurs driving start-up booms in the Silicon savannahs from Johannesburg and Cape Town to Lagos and Nairobi are just as young – in chronological age, but also in outlook. The thousands of businesses they’re creating are already changing daily life across the continent.In a few days, I’ll be meeting with some of these young innovators. People like the 21-year-old who founded Kenya’s first software coding school to provide other young people with computer programming skills. And like the 23-year-old social entrepreneur here in South Africa who manufactures schoolbags from recycled plastic shopping bags. Besides being highly visible to protect children as they’re walking to school, these school bags sport a small solar panel that charges a lantern during the journey to and from school – providing illumination so students can study when they get home.The real returns will come if we can multiply this talent for innovation by the whole of Africa’s growing youth population. That depends on whether Africa’s young people – all of Africa’s young people – are given the opportunity to thrive.Nelson Mandela said: “Poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings.”We are the human beings who must take action, and we have to decide now, because this unique moment won’t last forever. We must clear away the obstacles that are standing in young people’s way so they can seize all of their potential.If young people are sick and malnourished, their bodies and their brains will never fully develop. If they are not educated well, their minds will lie dormant. If they do not have access to economic opportunities, they will not be able to achieve their goals.But if we invest in the right things – if we make sure the basic needs of Africa’s young people are taken care of – then they will have the physical, cognitive, and emotional resources they need to change the future. Life on this continent will improve faster than it ever has. And the inequities that have kept people apart will be erased by broad-based progress that is the very meaning of the words: “living together”.Health and nutritionWhen Melinda and I started our foundation 15 years ago, we asked ourselves: What are the areas of greatest opportunity? It was clear to us that investing in health was at the top of the list. When people aren’t healthy, they can’t turn their attention to other priorities. But when health improves, life improves by every measure.Over the last 15 years, our foundation has invested more than $9-billion (about R128-billion) in Africa – and we are committed to keep on investing to help Africa. In the next five years, we will invest another $5-billion (about R71-billion).We’ve put a lot of this money into discovering and developing new and better vaccines and drugs to help prevent and treat the diseases of poverty. We’ve also invested in global partnerships that work closely with countries across the continent to get these solutions to the people who need them most.We’ve been fortunate to work with amazing partners and, together, we have seen some incredible progress.The entire continent of Africa has been polio-free for two years, which puts us within reach of wiping polio from the face of the Earth… forever.The newest vaccines that protect children from two of the most devastating diseases – pneumonia and severe diarrhoea – are reaching children across Africa at the same time they’re available for children in wealthier countries.Countries that invest in strong, community-based primary health care systems – like Malawi, Ethiopia, and Rwanda – are making great progress reducing child mortality.Malaria infections and deaths are down significantly thanks to better treatment and prevention tools.And efforts like the Ouagadougou Partnership in West Africa are helping millions of women get access to contraceptives, which can make it easier for them to care for their families.Aids is another area where there’s been good progress – though it’s a more complicated story and there are big challenges ahead.In a few days, I’ll be speaking at the International Aids conference in Durban. When the global Aids community last met there in 2000, only a few thousand Africans were receiving antiretroviral drugs. Today, more than 12 million Africans are on treatment – more than a quarter of them living here in South Africa.But the rate of new infections remains high. In sub-Saharan Africa, more than 2 000 young people under the age of 24 are newly infected every single day. The number of young people dying from HIV has increased fourfold since 1990.There are other challenges. Almost half of the people living with HIV are undiagnosed. Millions more aren’t being treated. And millions of people who are receiving treatment aren’t able to stay on it.Add to this the high rates of tuberculosis among people living with HIV, including here in South Africa where TB/HIV co-infection continues to wage a devastating toll.So we need more creative ways to make testing and treatment accessible and easier to use.We need to get much more out of existing prevention methods like condoms, voluntary medical male circumcision, and oral anti-HIV medicine.And we’re going to need new and better prevention solutions – like an effective vaccine and medicines that people are more likely to use consistently.If we fail to act, all the hard-earned gains made in HIV in sub-Saharan Africa over the last 15 years could be reversed, particularly given that Africa’s young people are entering the age when they are most at risk of HIV.Nutrition is another critical area of focus for Africa. Nearly one third of the continent’s children suffer from malnutrition that stunts their growth and development and robs them of their physical and cognitive potential. Millions more suffer from micronutrient deficiencies. These are impacts that last a lifetime and impact whole generations of Africa’s youth.African Development Bank president Akin Adesina put it best when he said recently that the greatest contributor to Africa’s economic growth is not physical infrastructure, but “grey matter infrastructure” – people’s brainpower. The best way to build that infrastructure is with proper nutrition.Candidly, it’s hard to imagine a better future for Africa’s youth without tackling this problem.While eliminating malnutrition is a complex challenge, there is a lot we already know about how to ensure that every child gets a healthy start in life.We know that mothers and infants need good nutrition for healthy growth and brain development, and that breastfeeding protects children from life-threatening diseases like pneumonia and diarrhoea.We also know that certain vitamins and minerals are essential for children and for women of reproductive age.The good news is we have a growing suite of cost-effective interventions – things like cooking oil, sugar fortified with Vitamin A and sugar and flour enriched with iron, zinc, and B vitamins.One of the most exciting advances is the breeding of staple crops so they are more nutritious. For example, when adolescents eat high-iron pearl millet, their likelihood of iron deficiency decreases six-fold. And just half a cup of biofortified orange sweet potato is all it takes to meet a child’s daily vitamin A needs.The human and economic toll of micronutrient deficiency is huge, but the costs of fighting it are not.Recent estimates in Nigeria and Uganda indicate that every dollar invested to reduce stunting will return $17 in greater earning capacity in the workplace.EducationWhen children’s bodies and brains are healthy, the next step is an education that helps them develop the knowledge and skills to become productive contributors to society.Improving education is incredibly hard. I have learned this first hand through our foundation’s efforts to create better learning outcomes for primary, secondary, and university students in the US. But this hard work is incredibly important. A good education is the best lever we have for giving every young person a chance to make the most of their lives.In Africa, as in the US, we need new thinking and new educational tools to make sure that a high-quality education is available to every single child.In Uganda, young innovators at an NGO called Educate! are helping high schools prepare young people for the workplace by teaching students how to start their own business.And with the high level of mobile phone penetration in Africa, technology using mobile phones connected to the internet have the potential to help students build foundational skills while giving teachers better support and feedback.Globally, the education technology sector is innovating and growing rapidly, and it’s exciting to see new tools and learning models emerging to meet the needs of educators and students that are not currently being met by existing systems.At the post-secondary level, we not only need to broaden access, we also have to ensure that governments are investing in high-quality public universities to launch the next generation of scientists, entrepreneurs, educators, and government leaders.South Africa is blessed with some of the best universities in Africa, universities that our foundation relies on as partners in important health and agricultural research. Maintaining the quality of this country’s higher education system while expanding access to more students will not be easy. But it is critical to South Africa’s future.Other countries in the region will do well to follow South Africa’s example and provide the highest level university education to the largest number of qualified students.ProductivityHealthy, educated young people are eager to make their way in the world. But African’s youth must have the economic opportunities to channel their energy and their ideas into progress.One way to create economic opportunity is to turn agriculture, which still employs more than half the people on the continent, from a struggle for survival into a thriving business.Right now, most African smallholders suffer from an almost total lack of innovation. They plant unproductive seeds in poor soils in order to produce just enough to feed their family. With climate change leading to more severe weather, doing more of the same is going to bring even more meagre harvests.The key to breaking this cycle is a series of innovations at every step along the way from farm to market.First, African farmers need better tools to avoid disasters and grow a surplus – things like seeds that can tolerate droughts, floods, pests, and disease, affordable fertiliser that includes the right mix of nutrients to replenish the soil, and easy-to-administer livestock vaccines that can prevent flocks and herds from being wiped out.Second, farmers need to be connected to markets where they can buy these inputs, sell their surplus, and earn a profit they can invest not only in their family’s basic needs but also back into the farm.This, in turn, will provide employment opportunities both on and off the farm as more prosperous farmers begin to support a range of local agribusinesses like seed dealers, trucking companies, and processing plants.I recently met with a group of young crop breeders, one from Ethiopia, one from Kenya, one from Nigeria, and one from Uganda. I may be a little unusual in this regard, but I love talking about the science of plant productivity. In this case, they were all doing cutting-edge work on cassava, a staple crop that provides more than one-third of the calories in the average African diet.Some were working to improve its nutritional content. Others were trying to breed a variety that can resist both of the devastating diseases that threaten to wipe out farmers’ entire crop.Our foundation is also working with a young computer scientist from Makerere University who designed a mobile phone app that lets farmers upload a photo of their cassava plants and find out immediately whether it’s infected or not.These are the innovators who can drive an agricultural transformation across the continent – if they have the support they need. For many decades, agriculture has suffered from dramatic underinvestment. Many governments didn’t see the link between their farmers and economic growth.Now, however, this misconception is gone – and through the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program, countries have a framework for transforming agriculture. The investment needs to follow, so that young Africans have the means to create the thriving agriculture they envision.With Africa’s small farms as a base, the next step toward economic opportunity is to promote job creation in other sectors. Doing this will require significant investments in infrastructure, including energy.Seven in 10 Africans currently lack access to power, which makes it harder to do everything. Harder to get health care in a dark clinic. Harder to learn in school when it’s boiling hot. Harder to be productive when you can’t use labour saving machinery.Unfortunately, a shortage of power – like South Africa is currently experiencing – is also a massive drag on economic growth. Businesses will not invest in places where they can’t operate efficiently.A recent report projected that more than 500 million Africans won’t have electricity in 2040. That number needs to go down.In the long run, what Africa needs is what the whole world needs: a breakthrough energy miracle that provides cheap, clean energy for everyone. I have spent much of the past two years on this issue because it’s hard to think of anything more important. I am involved with a group of businesspeople who are collaborating with almost two dozen governments, mostly in rich countries, on a project called Mission Innovation. The goal is for these governments to double their energy R&D spending in the next five years.I get angry when I see that Africa is suffering the worst effects of climate change although Africans had almost nothing to do with causing it. The countries leading Mission Innovation need to create energy breakthroughs that are applicable globally – and they need to do so urgently.No matter how accelerated the R&D agenda is, though, we cannot wait for tomorrow’s energy breakthrough. Africa needs power now, and there are ways to meet that need now.In East Africa especially, governments should invest in hydro and geothermal sources of energy, which are both reliable and renewable, as soon as possible. There has been a lot of experimentation with small-scale renewable energy, including micro solar. This approach can provide individuals with some electricity for basic purposes, but it’s not going to be the solution for the continent as a whole.One priority for governments is to get much tougher about managing their electrical grids. This means refurbishing power plants, making sure people are paying their bills, and doing the technical work to stem electricity losses so that the grid is operating as close to 100% as possible.Once the power utilities can prove they are economically viable, it will be easier to attract investors who can help fund the necessary improvements.Using the resources available now, we can provide power to many of the 500 million Africans projected to be without it 25 years from now. With breakthrough innovation, we can chart the path to zero.GovernanceAll of these things – advances in health, in education, in agricultural productivity, in energy – won’t happen on their own. They can only happen in the context of governments that function well enough to enable them.It’s great to see initiatives like Mo Ibrahim’s annual index of African governance, which looks objectively at multiple measures of government performance in each country on the continent. Citizens in other regions would be well served by this kind of comprehensive effort to spotlight and spread effective governance.A lot can be accomplished by focusing on fiscal governance and accountability. Here in South Africa, the government gets strong marks for the budget information it provides to the public. The International Budget Partnership, an independent monitoring organisation, also ranks South Africa highly for its oversight of government spending.But sometimes, it takes individual citizens to lead the way. Thirty-year-old Oluseun Onigbinde gave up a career in banking five years ago to devote himself fulltime to pulling back the curtain on Nigeria’s federal expenditures.Savvy in the use of data and social media, Onigbinde founded BudgIT Nigeria, a website that provides facts and figures the average Nigerian can understand. Onigbinde is no doubt a thorn in the side of some of Nigeria’s elite. To me, he is an example of what one person can do to make a difference.The machinery of government is still relatively new in many African countries, and it’s important that as the institutions of governance mature, they don’t just try to mimic how things are done in developed countries.One of the most exciting prospects is the role African governments can play in accelerating the use of digital technology to leapfrog the traditional models and costly infrastructure associated with banking and delivery of government services.Because so many people in developing countries have mobile phones, tens of millions of people are storing money digitally on their phones and using their phones to make purchases, as if they were debit cards.But mobile money services like M-PESA in Kenya don’t just give people a better way to move money around. They give people a place to save cash to fund the start-up of a microenterprise or pay a child’s school exam fee. They create informal insurance networks of family and friends who can help with unexpected financial shocks like a crop failure or a serious medical illness. And they increase the profitability of small businesses through lower transaction costs, easier ordering of products and supplies, and greater security of financial assets.A digital financial connection can also help governments deliver services more efficiently. I’ve seen studies from India showing the government could save $22-billion a year by connecting households to a digital payment system and automating all government payments. The early evidence suggests that similar programmes in Africa can yield the same benefits – while increasing the effectiveness of government services.For example, recent research in Uganda showed that providing people with digital cash transfers rather than direct food subsidies not only saved the cost of physical delivery, it also improved nutrition because the money gave recipients the ability to purchase a greater diversity of foods and to space out meals as needed.Governments can accelerate this digital transformation by implementing policies that encourage commercial investment, innovation, and healthy competition, by building the shared infrastructure needed to enable digital financial services to flourish, and finally by using this technology to digitise payments and improve delivery of services to citizens.Countries like Kenya, Tanzania, and Nigeria are already investing in the building blocks of this new digital financial platform, and they’re likely to see positive economic returns that more than offset the cost.ConclusionIf there is one thing I’m sure of, it is this: Africa can achieve the future it aspires to.That future depends on the people of Africa working together, across economic and social strata and across national borders, to lay a foundation so that Africa’s young people have the opportunities they deserve.Recently, I met with some students at Addis Ababa University. I started by asking them the casual questions college students tend to get asked in America: “What do you want to do after you graduate?” “What fields are you thinking about going into?”They looked at me like I was crazy to be asking questions like that. They knew exactly what they were going to do. Their parents had sacrificed for 20 years so they could go to school. They weren’t weighing their options. They had come to university to get specific training, and they were eager to get on with it so that they could help Ethiopia become a prosperous country.They saw themselves as members of a community with needs, and they were going to dedicate themselves to serving that community by meeting those needs. I see that sense of purpose whenever I come to Africa, and especially whenever I talk to young Africans. I think this is unique. I meet with students all over the world, and they aren’t all so committed to giving back.But students here believe in themselves, and they believe in their countries and the future of the continent.The priority now is to make sure they have the opportunity to turn those beliefs into action. Because young people with this sense of purpose can make the difference between stagnation and more and faster progress.Nelson Mandela said: “Young people are capable, when aroused, of bringing down the towers of oppression and raising the banners of freedom.”But our duty is not merely to arouse; our duty is to invest in young people, to put in place the basic building blocks so that they can build the future. And our duty is to do it now, because the innovations of tomorrow depend on the opportunities available to children today.It’s clear to everyone how big and complicated the challenges are. But it’s just as clear that people with bravery, energy, intellect, passion, and stamina can face big, complicated challenges and overcome them. There is so much more work to be done to create a future in which we can all live together. But there are also so many people who are eager to get to work.Let’s do everything within our power right now to help them build the future that Nelson Mandela dreamed of – and the future that we will achieve together.Thank you.© 2016 Nelson Mandela Foundation.
The great Aikido master, Ikeda Sensei, says: “Aikido works. My aikido works. Your aikido may not work.”His point is simple and profound (and all you have to do is get close enough to him on the dojo mat and you will feel its profundity as you fly through the air, landing on your back). Ikeda Sensei has spent a lifetime on the mat mastering the fundamentals of his art. He has worked to gain a deep understanding of the principles of aikido. Ikeda Sensei’s aikido works because he didn’t quit, he didn’t give up, and he didn’t walk off the mat. He worked on his aikido, and he gave it time (In his case, a lifetime. You don’t need that long for the results you want).Why “It” Isn’t WorkingThe reason that whatever you are trying isn’t working is not because it doesn’t work. It’s that you haven’t given it enough time to work. You haven’t stuck with it long enough to begin to get results. It takes time for you to get a feel for things and to gain enough competency in “it” to get results.The reason what you are trying isn’t working is because you are giving up too soon.You’ve decided to work with a new approach to making cold calls. You try it for a couple days and find no change in your results. So you quit and quickly fall back into what feels comfortable.You adopt a new sales process. You go all in and do your best on a couple opportunities, but you can’t tell that it’s making a real difference. You set it aside and go back to doing what you have always done.Your company has a new offering. You don’t know if the market is right, if your market is ready. You go out and talk to a few customers and a dream client or two. No one seems overjoyed, so you go back to selling what you have always sold.Anytime you start doing something new, you have to give that new initiative time to reach the tipping point, the point in time when you have done it long enough to start getting results. But most people quit long before they get to that point. They never give themselves time to learn and to gain the competencies they need. They never give the new initiative a fair chance.Aikido works. But your aikido may not work.QuestionsWhat did you try and give up on before you should have?Why does it take some time before new things start to produce results?How much time should give something new before you write it off and go back to what you have always done?What should you be giving more time to now?
The Celtics already had had quite the summer after they signed Hayward to a four-year deal worth about $128 million and traded Avery Bradley to clear cap space for him. When Irving asked for a trade, general manager Danny Ainge pounced, shipping out Thomas — a fan favorite and the team’s biggest star — along with Jae Crowder, Ante Zizic and a 2018 first-round draft pick.Irving would not say whether he plans to talk to Cavaliers superstar LeBron James about his trade demand, telling reporters: “It’s not anybody else’s business.”“It’s just really between two men,” he said. “If it happens or not, I’m pretty sure you guys won’t know about it.”For now, he is worried about his new team.“There’s just a lot of newness I have to get used to, which I’m excited about,” he said Monday. “It’s going to come in waves, man, these ups and downs we’re about to face as a team. … It will really echo in terms of our identity and how we’re going to respond.”ADVERTISEMENT Nonong Araneta re-elected as PFF president Read Next Thomas is out, shipped to Cleveland in a package that brought Kyrie Irving to Boston and completed — for now, at least — a near-total makeover of the team that had the best record in the Eastern Conference last year.But that doesn’t mean Hayward is disappointed that the team he is going to play with looks much different from the one he thought he had joined.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutout“You’re talking about two superstar players, two incredible offensively talented players,” Hayward said Monday at the Celtics media day.“It would have been amazing to have the opportunity to play with I.T. I was looking forward to that; that was something that was enticing and exciting about the Boston Celtics. On the other hand, I get to play with another superstar.” Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LOOK: Loisa Andalio, Ronnie Alonte unwind in Amanpulo for 3rd anniversary In all, just four players return from last year’s conference finalists: Marcus Smart, Jaylen Brown, Terry Rozier and Al Horford.They’re all new to Irving, a four-time All-Star who averaged 21.6 points and 5.5 assists in his six-year career, all of it for the Cavaliers.Ainge said it wasn’t his goal to shake up the conference finalists.“Those guys were terrific players for us, and some of my favorite players that I’ve watched and been around during my time here. But we had a chance to get some players, too,” Ainge said. “It wasn’t because we were unhappy with our roster.”Ainge would like to see how it all works out.“We don’t plan on doing the same thing next summer,” he said. “I plan on getting down to about a 1 handicap next summer.” Boston Celtics’ Gordon Hayward (20), Al Horford (42), and Kyrie Irving (11) walk together during a photo shoot at NBA basketball media day, Monday, Sept. 25, 2017, in Canton, Mass. (AP Photo/Steven Senne)CANTON, Mass. — Gordon Hayward was looking forward to playing with Isaiah Thomas, one of the Celtics players who recruited him to Boston during his whirlwind free agency.By the time Hayward steps on the parquet floor, though, there will be another All-Star point guard dishing out the ball.ADVERTISEMENT Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC LATEST STORIES Fire hits houses in Mandaluyong City MOST READ BSP sees higher prices in November, but expects stronger peso, low rice costs to put up fight Trump says NFL insults about patriotism, not race Frontrow holds fun run to raise funds for young cancer patients Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles07:50BYS Academy: Create a Fall Glam Makeup Look00:50Trending Articles01:37Protesters burn down Iran consulate in Najaf01:47Panelo casts doubts on Robredo’s drug war ‘discoveries’01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games E.T. returns to earth, reunites with grown-up Elliott in new ad View comments
ShareEmailPrint To learn more, read: Posted on January 28, 2011November 13, 2014Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)This week on the MHTF blog:We heard updates from the Young Champions of Maternal HealthHannah Knight wrote about the progress of the Global Voices for Maternal Health projectAnn Starrs told us about commitments made on maternal and child healthCEDPA asked for case studies on best practices for integrating HIV/AIDS and maternal healthWe wrote about the enhancements we’ve made to the maps on our siteSome reading for the weekendMalaria protection and pregnancy in sub-Saharan AfricaThe World Bank published an outline of the 2012 World Development Report on Gender Equality and DevelopmentMelinda Gates on educating pregnant women in Indiahttpv://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Z80va7C6EQShare this:
Southampton winger Stuart Armstrong earns Scotland callby Paul Vegas17 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveSouthampton winger Stuart Armstrong has replaced Oli McBurnie in the latest Scotland squad.Sheffield United striker McBurnie has withdrawn due to injury.Scotland travel to face Russia in a Euro 2020 qualifier on Thursday, before hosting San Marino at Hampden Park three days later.The Tartan Army must beat Russia to keep their hopes of qualification alive. About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
TORONTO – The appearance of Prince Harry’s girlfriend over the weekend at the opening ceremonies of the Invictus Games in Toronto continues to be scrutinized by royal watchers, who have commented on everything from how far they sat from each other to where the American actress purchased her outfit.“This is just part of the fabric of modern-day living for the Royal Family,” says Damian Radcliffe, a British media researcher who teaches journalism at the University of Oregon.“There’s always been a huge amount of column inches about nothing much in particular. It’s just that now we have a great proliferation of media outlets willing to talk about that, which is why there’s so much coverage of this on both sides of the Atlantic.”Meghan Markle, who films the hit legal drama “Suits” in Toronto, cheered on the athletes from around the world Saturday while Harry, who founded the Games in 2014, sat a few rows away next to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and U.S. first lady Melania Trump.By Sunday morning, tabloids such as the Daily Mail were reporting how different Markle’s burgundy dress and leather jacket was from the demure outfit Kate Middleton — now the Duchess of Cambridge — wore at her first public outing with Harry’s brother and second in line to the throne, Prince William.Since this year’s Invictus Games are taking place where Markle lives and shoots “Suits,” there has been intense speculation about if and when the couple will make a public appearance together. They have publicly acknowledged their relationship but have not been seen together, except for long-lens photos taken without their knowledge and from a great distance.“Everyone is expecting Meghan Markle and Prince Harry to appear together at some point this week,” says Chris Ship, Royal Editor for ITV News in the U.K. “The common-held view among the British royal press is that there will be an official outing, their first outing as a couple, as it were.”Ship says it’s likely the two didn’t sit together at the opening ceremonies because it might have distracted from the Games themselves. In attending the same event but doing so separately, he says the couple is taking “baby steps.”“She appears at the Invictus Games opening ceremonies because she knows how much the Games mean to her boyfriend, and yet they didn’t want to sit her next to him because they knew that would overshadow the opening ceremonies,” he says. “So the choreography has actually been very clever.”Competition is high among freelance and tabloid photographers, for whom the first photos of the couple would be very profitable.“I don’t doubt that there are probably paparazzi photographers in and around Toronto hanging out in hedges, trying to find Harry and Meghan Markle out together in the evening, because they know that there’s a lot of money if they could capture that picture and they could sell it around the world,” Ship says.He says he’s made an effort to keep the focus of his coverage on the inspiring stories of athletes competing at the Invictus Games.“There is a balance to be struck between public interest in Harry and Meghan’s romance, set against (the fact that) he does have the right to a private life, and he shouldn’t have cameras hanging out of bushes and trees in order to get a picture of him,” Ship says.Radcliffe agrees.“It’s kind of a non-story,” he says. “The story is arguably more the Games, rather than how far they sat away from one another, and what she was wearing.”Royal historian Carolyn Harris, author of “Raising Royalty: A Thousand Years of Royal Parenting,” says there are several reasons for the intense interest in Markle and Prince Harry’s relationship at this moment.Interest in the Royal Family spiked at the beginning of September when Kensington Palace officials announced that Kate, the Duchess of Cambridge, and Prince William are expecting their third child, she says. The 20th anniversary of Princess Diana’s death has also led to many retrospectives about her legacy, and about her sons.Harris says the modernity of Harry and Markle’s relationship is another factor that makes them interesting to the public.“When we look at previous generations in the Royal Family, often the courtship was comparatively short before an engagement,” she says. “Charles and Diana, for instance, spent very little time together before becoming engaged. But in William and Harry’s generation, that has changed.”The fact that they have publicly acknowledged their relationship is also “unusual in many ways,” Harris says. In November, Harry issued a statement condemning media harassment of Markle, who he identified as his girlfriend, and earlier this month she spoke to Vanity Fair about their relationship.“It’s interesting, over the course of the Queen’s reign, there’s been changing views in terms of who are suitable spouses for royalty,” Harris says. When Queen Victoria’s eldest son was preparing to marry, his choices were quite limited: his wife had to be royal, and she had to be a Protestant.“It was determined there were about seven eligible women he could marry,” Harris says.“Now, with members of the Royal Family going to university and having the opportunity to have some degree of a private life and dating before getting married, we’re seeing a much wider pool of potential spouses for royalty.”Radcliffe says the intense interest in royal relationships is nothing new — it’s just the way audiences consume that news that has changed.“This is just the start of a whole new media circus for this couple, in this iteration of how the lives of the Royal Family play out in the social media age,” he says. “We’re going to see a lot more of this, I’m sure.”
Sophomore defenseman Drew Brevig (4) and senior forward Chad Niddery (19) line up for a faceoff during a game against Michigan State on Nov. 21 at the Schottenstein Center. OSU won, 3-0. Credit: Kelly Roderick / For The LanternThe Ohio State men’s hockey team played a desperate brand of hockey for the entirety of its game against Michigan State on Friday night. The effort was much needed as the Buckeyes (4-7-1, 1-1-0) had dropped four of their past five games before their 3-0 win against the Spartans in Columbus.“I thought we worked hard again tonight,” OSU coach Steve Rohlik said. “I tip my cap to our guys … we challenged them to get a little bit better and I think (they) did that as a team.”Pace was the difference maker in the Buckeyes’ second conference game of the season as they hounded the Spartans (4-7-0, 1-1-0) for the first two periods, holding a 20-18 shot advantage through 40 minutes. OSU then preserved its lead during the third.After failing to capitalize on second-chance opportunities in a 2-1 loss to Michigan State on Thursday, OSU opened the first period of Friday’s game with an increased offensive zone pressure and attempts on Spartans’ junior goaltender Jake Hildebrand.The difference in gameplay was noticeable within the first 10 seconds of the game when Buckeye senior forward Nick Oddo won the opening face off and directed the puck on Hildebrand to create an early net scramble.OSU found its scoring mojo in the second period after a delayed goal call gave senior forward Matt Johnson his third goal of the season and put the Buckeyes ahead, 1-0.The on-ice officials didn’t originally see the puck enter the net, but the referees reviewed the play during the next stoppage and indicated the puck had crossed the goal line.Johnson’s goal was counted a minute after he scored and was a product of the NCAA’s offseason rule changes that allow officials to determine the legitimacy of goals on plays that preceded the last whistle.OSU used its momentum from Johnson’s goal on the man-advantage five minutes later when sophomore forward Nick Schilkey redirected a shot from the blue line past Hildebrand for the team’s second goal.“It’s something that’s certainly a focal point for us,” Rohlik said of the power play. “At the end of the night, again, special teams are the key.”The Buckeyes continued to dictate the pace of the game when senior forward Darik Angeli made it 3-0 after an odd-man rush at the 3:14 mark of the third period.OSU sophomore goalie Matt Tomkins helped prevent the Spartans’ pushback, making 29 saves en route to his first collegiate shutout.“My focus was just to keep the guys in the game and make those big saves when I had to,” Tomkins said. “They played excellent in front of me.”The Spartans finished zero-for-three on the man advantage and were unable to capitalize on three power plays in the third period.“We did a lot of good things,” Johnson said of the Buckeyes’ penalty kill. “We got in lanes and did a pretty good job of pushing them down, holding them in the corners and taking away a lot of shooting lanes.”OSU is next set to play Western Michigan in the Shillelagh Tournament in South Bend, Ind., on Friday.