AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Responsible gambling It is to be rolled out for British customers first, with additional, localised versions for 888’s offerings in other markets to follow over the coming months. 19th November 2020 | By Robin Harrison 888 chief executive Itai Pazner explained that the first phase of Control Centre would focus on making its player protection tools more visible. Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter 888 Holdings is to begin the roll-out of Control Centre, a new customer-facing interface that will sit across the igaming operator’s websites and act as a central hub for players to monitor their play. This would then be complemented by additional safer gambling features, which are due to be integrated over the coming months. “We are committed to continually investing in our teams and technology to prevent gambling-related harm and we are confident that this innovative feature will offer customers new levels of data and clear, transparent insights that will help them to stay informed and in control.” Control Centre will be accessible at the top of each of the operator’s websites. Tags: 888 Holdings The announcement of its launch coincides with the beginning of Safer Gambling Week, which kicks off today (19 November). Topics: Social responsibility Problem gambling Responsible gambling Regions: UK & Ireland “Our business rests on ensuring our customers are empowered to make safe and responsible decisions about their gambling,” Pazner continued. It will present customers with tailored data on their activity, as well as access to the operator’s safer gambling tools, so that if unhealthy patterns are flagged, they can immediately take preventative action. 888 to launch Control Centre interface to protect players Email Address
Breast Cancer Care chosen by National Magazine Company Breast Cancer Care has been chosen by the luxury publisher National Magazine Company as the beneficiary charity for its 30 Days of Fashion and Beauty Event 2009. The festival takes place throughout September and features catwalk shows, beauty workshops, shopping events and giveaways.Breast Cancer Care will benefit from all proceeds from an online consumer auction, running from 1-13 September and featuring “money-can’t-buy” prizes including a celebrity photo shoot, VIP makeovers, and couture designer cocktail dresses.The charity will also benefit from an integrated marketing campaign for the festival, including being featured on daily email newsletters to 60,000 30 Days of Fashion and Beauty subscribers during September. Advertisement www.30days.co.uk About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Tagged with: corporate Events 24 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 7 September 2009 | News
Food pantry distribution in Bedford-Stuyvesant community, Brooklyn, N.Y., April 14.Dairy farmers are dumping millions of gallons of milk into lagoons. Produce farmers are plowing fresh vegetables back into the soil. Billions of dollars worth of food is being destroyed. This is happening while millions of people are lining up for miles to reach local food banks which cannot meet the enormous demand — made greater by coronavirus-related layoffs of 22 million workers.Why is this? Food scarcity does not exist in the U.S. In fact, there is an abundance of food. But many farmers can’t sell to the usual purchasers, such as restaurants, hotels and schools, as many are closed due to the pandemic. The distribution network to those customers has been upended, and thousands of farmers can’t afford to transport food around the country. If food isn’t purchased, if there aren’t markets, if sales can’t be made and profits realized, food is destroyed — rather than donated to the millions who need it. Under capitalism, food is a commodity. Like all commodities from cell phones to cars, it is produced to be sold at a profit. If farmers can’t afford to ship food, it’s wasted. And if workers can’t afford to buy what sits on supermarket shelves, they go without unless a food bank, faith-based or community organization, or labor union provides it. This is how capitalism operates.If stores are buying less food because their customers stay home due to pandemic cautions or can’t afford to buy it as is true of many newly jobless workers — farmers dispose of it. When restaurants, which routinely purchase half of farm produce, aren’t buying, it goes unharvested, unpackaged, untransported — and therefore, unsold.Hunger in richest countryThe pandemic has highlighted the precariousness of life for workers in capitalist U.S., and it has intensified the contradiction between food production and distribution. It has revealed the widespread hunger and malnutrition that existed in the world’s richest country even before COVID-19 arrived — because many people can’t afford food. It’s not grown or manufactured as a public service. Under capitalism, producing and selling this necessity is a means to an end: profits.Before the pandemic 37 million people here were “food-insufficient,” a fancy term for hungry. About that number received inadequate Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program benefits. Last year, 40 million people had to rely on food banks and soup kitchens. Low-wage workers, seniors and people with disabilities depend on this assistance. But then COVID-19 hit: 22 million people were laid off, furloughed or had wages cut. Some 59 percent of workers — disproportionately Black and Latinx — had been living from paycheck to paycheck. Now, many of the newly jobless can’t afford food for their families and have turned to food banks.News footage showed 10,000 people lined up and waiting for hours at a San Antonio food distribution center. This shocking scene is being repeated throughout the country every day, as demand skyrockets, in some cities by 50 percent. Food bank operators are reluctantly turning away thousands of families in need.Meanwhile, food banks now have to purchase much of what used to be donated — and at high prices. Some are spending millions of dollars to transport truckloads of it. Several have had to close just when their help is desperately needed.However, the federal government should purchase fresh produce from farmers and pay to transport it to food pantries or set up distribution centers. It could hire unemployed workers to drive the trucks and hand out the food — but safely. Since this is a capitalist country, the rich and their politicians will balk at this, as they prioritize profit-making, not human needs. Even now with the unemployment crisis, the U.S. Department of Agriculture refused to use disaster powers to expand eligibility for food stamps.A people’s struggle won food stamp benefits in the first place. That is what it will take for people to get what they need, whether it’s food, housing, health care, jobs at a liveable wage or safe working conditions.The Food Is a Right Campaign, stemming from the All Peoples Congress, backed by Workers World Party, launched a struggle in 1982 to push the government to open its warehouses of “surplus” food. It sued the Reagan administration and organized many protests. Soon after the lawsuit was lost, this grassroots movement won the release of tons of food. In socialist Cuba, food production and distribution are highly organized. Food is never wasted. The needs of the people always come first. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
SHARE Growth Energy Says Senators Introduce Shortsighted Amendment Facebook Twitter Home Energy Growth Energy Says Senators Introduce Shortsighted Amendment Facebook Twitter Pennsylvania Senator Pat Toomey, California Senator Diane Feinstein and Arizona Senator Jeff Flake have sponsored the Corn Ethanol Mandate Elimination Act of 2015. Growth Energy CEO Tom Buis says this legislation is incredibly shortsighted. He says identical legislation has been introduced in the past and has always failed to gain traction. Buis says this amendment would eviscerate the Renewable Fuel Standard and keep the U.S. addicted to foreign oil. The legislation is based on false, misleading information – blaming ethanol for an increase in the price of food – but Buis says it is completely devoid of any facts to back it up.If this amendment is adopted – he says it would embrace the status quo of the nation’s dependence on fossil fuels and foreign oil, concede the U.S. is no longer serious about reducing greenhouse gas emissions and seek to pursue a policy that would result in massive upheaval and job loss in today’s booming rural economy. SHARE By Gary Truitt – Jan 16, 2015 Previous articleClosing CommentsNext articleSoy Growers Welcome USDA Deregulation of Dicamba-Tolerant Soybeans Gary Truitt
Receive email alerts Reporters Without Borders voiced concern today about the obstacles being encountered by three proposed federal laws that would regulate the allocation of state advertising to the media, which governments too often use to reward supporters and punish critics.“Assigning public advertising in a discriminatory manner seriously affects the functioning of some media, especially in the provinces, and constantly fuels tension between the press and the government,” the press freedom organisation said. “It is high time this situation ended, and the bills submitted to the federal parliament could help achieve this.”Reporters Without Borders added: “It is rather paradoxical that the government and its parliamentary majority envisage an increased advertising budget but balk at accepting improved guarantees as regards its distribution.”According to the organisation Poder Ciudadano (“Citizen Power”), state advertising increased to 127 million Argentine pesos (32.7 million euros) in 2005 – 43.8 per cent more than the amount originally envisaged. The proposed advertising budget for 2007, currently being discussed by the federal chamber of deputies, is 225 million pesos (58 million euros).Three bills have surfaced in parliament with the aim of ensuring a fairer distribution of this windfall. The first one was submitted to the senate by Ricardo Gómez Diez of the Renewal Party, and is backed by Ernesto Sanz of the Radical Civic Union (UCR) and Hilda González de Duhalde of the ruling Justicialist (Peronist) Party (PJ).It would guarantee that 15 per cent of the amount would be shared out among all the media that are on a state advertising register, while the rest would be distributed to radio and TV stations according to their ratings, and to newspapers and magazines according to the number of copies sold.This bill has run into opposition from the Peronist president of the senate’s media and freedom of expression commission, Guillermo Jenefes, who told the daily La Nación on 17 October: “I don’t think this is a matter we need to legislate on. What’s more, there is absolute freedom of expression in Argentina”Senator Gómez, the bill’s proponent, told Reporters Without Borders there was “evident discrimination” in the distribution of state advertising. He also spoke of the need “to reduce the difficulties for journalists to access information, and the lack of communication mechanisms such as news conferences by government officials, which currently do not exist.”A bill that was presented to the chamber of deputies in 2004 by Federico Pinedo of the PRO bloc and was revived this year also proposes the creation of a state advertising register but stipulates that the criteria for allocating advertising should be the geographical location of the media’s readers or audience, and their degree of interest in its subject matter.However, this bill has never been registered on the chamber’s agenda. The same applies to a third bill presented by deputy Silvina Giudici of the UCR. December 4, 2019 Find out more ArgentinaAmericas RSF_en News to go further October 19, 2006 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Proposals to distribute state advertising more fairly get blocked in parliament Help by sharing this information Journalists face archaic sanction of capital punishment in some parts of the world News Follow the news on Argentina News Reporters Without Borders is worried about the obstacles being encountered by three bills aimed at ensuring a fairer allocation of state advertising, which governments too often use to reward the media that support them and punish their critics. Latin American media: under control of families, economic and political elites News July 6, 2020 Find out more November 19, 2020 Find out more ArgentinaAmericas Organisation On eve of the G20 Riyadh summit, RSF calls for public support to secure the release of jailed journalists in Saudi Arabia
Twitter A Derry Councillor says he is not convinced putting CCTV cameras around the City Cemetery would receive widespread support.Cllr John Boyle was speaking on the Shaun Doherty Show after vandalism at the cemetery earlier this week saw several graves and headstones damaged, some of them very old graves.Cllr Boyle says while it is difficult to police such a large facility, he doesn’t believe CCTV would be accepted by people as an alternative…………..Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/boyleweb.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Pinterest 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North WhatsApp Facebook Google+ Previous articleDonegal can benefit from Agri-Environment scheme – IFANext articleSix off-duty police officers arrested following fight in Portstewart admin By admin – June 2, 2016 Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Google+ Pinterest Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Facebook WhatsApp Boyle not convinced that CCTV is a security option at City Cemetery Twitter Homepage BannerNews Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th
AudioHomepage BannerNews VAT increase hospitality sector going to hit Donegal hard – Cope By News Highland – October 10, 2018 News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Twitter Google+ Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows FT Report: Derry City 2 St Pats 2 WhatsApp Google+ DL Debate – 24/05/21 WhatsApp Twitter Facebook Previous articleDonegal members of PNA in NASRA begin industrial actionNext articleWork progressing on Fintra Bridge News Highland Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic The Justice Minister insists the increase in VAT in the hospitality sector will not ‘see the sky falling in’.Just after midnight, the Dail approved the measure announced in the budget yesterday.The rate will increase from 9 to 13.5 per cent on January 1st.A number of TD’s argued strongly against the move ahead of the vote.Minister Charlie Flanagan told them, the impact of a rate increase had been independently assessed:Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/flanadfgdfgdfggan8am.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.Deputy Pat the Cope Gallagher has described the move to increase the VAT rate as a serious error.Deputy Gallagher believes that the VAT hike is especially difficult to understand in the context of the ever increasing threats of Brexit and an ever competitive tourism market.Deputy Gallagher fears that the increase will have particular grave consequences for the industry in Donegal:Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/pagfhjhjfyjghjtVAT.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Pinterest RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Facebook Derry draw with Pats: Higgins & Thomson Reaction Pinterest
Chicago Police Department(CHICAGO) — After a weekend in jail, R&B singer R. Kelly is hoping to get his freedom back on Monday following a hearing in Chicago in his attorney entered on his behalf not guilty pleas to multiple sexual assault charges.Kelly appeared in court on Monday morning wearing an orange jail jumpsuit with bold black letters on it reading “DOC” apparently for Department of Corrections. He held his hands behind his back during a hearing in which his case was assigned to Judge Lawrence Flood of the Circuit Court of Cook County.The Grammy-winning singer later appeared before Flood. As two sheriff’s deputies stood on each side of the “I Believe I Can Fly” singer, his attorney, Steve Greenberg, entered the not guilty pleas for him.During the brief hearing Judge Flood asked the defendant his name, and the singer replied, “Robert Kelly.”Kelly nodded as Flood read the charges against him. Asked if he understood the special conditions imposed on him include refraining from contacting the victims or witnesses in the case and staying away from anyone under the age of 18 Kelly responded, “Yes sir.”Flood ordered Kelly to return to court on March 22 and warned him that he must appear for each court date assigned to him.Greenberg informed the judge that Kelly turned over his passport to the court clerk on Saturday.Meanwhile, seemingly frustrated that the legendary R&B singer remained behind bars, some of his more proactive female fans have been calling Chicago’s Cook County courthouse clerk to inquire about helping to pony up the $100,000 cash Kelly would need to meet his $1 million bond and be released, according to Chicago Tribune reporter Will Lee.Michael Avenatti, who said he is representing six people related to the case, posted a message on Twitter Monday morning that a second video has surfaced that shows R. Kelly engaged in the sexual assault of a minor.“I can confirm that we will be providing a second video showing R. Kelly engaged in sexual assault of a minor to prosecutors this morning,” Avanatti tweeted. “This tape was recently uncovered in connection with our ongoing nationwide investigation on behalf of victims. Justice must be done.”Kelly’s attorney told reporters on Sunday night that he hoped his client could collect the required $100,000 on Monday and pay his way to his release from jail.“Banks are closed early on Saturday,” Greenberg explained on Sunday night. “You need to wait until the banks open up, you can’t just walk in and write a personal check, no matter who you are.”Greenberg said that no matter how things unfold, Kelly will not be immediately released following Monday’s hearing.“The hearing … he will still be in custody [and] he’s going to have to go back to the jail, regardless of what time the bail is posted,” Greenberg said.The timing of his release remains tenuous. At Saturday’s bond hearing, Greenberg told the judge that his client’s finances are “a mess.”Even if Kelly wrote a $100,000 check, it could take considerable time before his bank can satisfy court officials that he has those funds available, Chicago-area defense attorney Joseph Lopez told the Associated Press.On Saturday, a Chicago judge ordered $1 million bond for Kelly after the singer surrendered on Friday night and was charged with 10 counts of aggravated criminal sex abuse.Cook County Judge John Fitzgerald Lyke Jr. also ordered Kelly to turn in his passport and forbade contact with the singer’s alleged victims. Kelly was indicted on Friday for a decade of sexual assault and abuse against four victims, three of whom were under the age of 17. Bail was set for $250,000 for each case.Kelly did not react during the hearing on Saturday. He sat with a straight look on his face, wearing a black hooded sweatshirt with his hands crossed behind his back throughout the hearing. Kelly only spoke with his lawyer while Lyke reviewed the charges, calling the prosecutors’ claims “disturbing.”Greenberg, Kelly’s criminal lawyer, told the judge his client wasn’t a flight risk because “contrary to the song [‘I Believe I Can Fly’], he doesn’t like to fly.”Greenberg added: “He can’t go anywhere anyways. He’s a recognizable person.”Kelly’s “finances are a mess,” citing a child support judgement and no ability to generate residuals, said Greenberg. He’s expected back in court on Feb. 25.The 52-year-old embattled star, whose given name is Robert Sylvester Kelly, had turned himself into Chicago police late Friday. A booking photo showed Kelly in a black hooded sweatshirt sporting a salt-and-pepper beard.The allegationsProsecutors on Saturday released documents outlining the allegations against Kelly.The singer met a girl at her 16th birthday party in 1998, according to prosecutors. His manager gave the teen Kelly’s business card and suggested she contact him. The girl’s mother overheard the conversation and took the card, but her daughter later retrieved it from her mother’s purse. The teen contacted Kelly, and the two allegedly got together periodically and had sex for a year, according to the documents.Another accuser was 16 when she met Kelly during his 2008 child pornography trial and he gave her an autograph, according to the documents. The pair later met at the artist’s Chicago apartment where they allegedly had sex and Kelly allegedly choking her and spitting on her.In 2003, a 24-year-old hairdresser intended to braid the singer’s hair, but instead the R & B star allegedly tried to force her to perform oral sex on him and allegedly spit in her face, according to prosecutors.Prosecutors also said in court documents that they reviewed videotapes depicting Kelly having sex with a 14-year old girl, who states her age on the videos multiple times.‘Surviving R. Kelly’Kelly’s supporters Joycelyn Savage and Azriel Clary, who are living with the singer, attended the hearing. Parents of both women claimed in the Lifetime series Surviving R. Kelly, that Kelly is holding their daughters against the women’s wills. The three-part documentary chronicled decades of troubling allegations and brought renewed media attention and scrutiny on the singer.The women initially sat one row in front of Azriel’s father, Angelo Clary, who tried to speak with them. They both ignored him, never acknowledging him or even turning around. Then they changed seats, moving one row ahead to avoid him. Avenatti, who said he has six clients related to Kelly, comforted Azriel’s mother after they were rejected by their daughter.Several other people — men and women — stood in the last two rows in support of Kelly.Jerhonda Pace — one of Kelly’s accusers — was also in attendance.Sentencing range of 3 to 7 yearsThe alleged criminal behavior dates back to May 1998 and continued until January 2010, said Cook County State’s Attorney Kimberly M. Foxx announced at a press conference on Friday. The indictment details accounts of vaginal and oral penetration of and ejaculation onto the victims by the singer.“Aggravated criminal sexual abuse is a Class 2 felony with a sentencing range of 3-7 years and is probationable,” Foxx’s office wrote in a statement.Avenatti left the courthouse on Saturday in a black SUV seeming optimistic that Kelly will “spend the rest of his life” in prison.“With a conviction in this case, he is never going to walk free another day of his life especially with a mandatory minimum sentence,” said Avenatti.‘I think all the women are liars’Late Friday, Kelly’s lawyer called the accusers liars.“I think all the women are lying,” Greenberg told reporters at a press conference. “This has become, ‘Hey, R. Kelly — I can say R. Kelly did something’ — boom.”‘Public pressure’Greenberg also said that in indicting Kelly, Foxx caved into public pressure.“I had a discussion with the state’s attorney’s office earlier this week [and] we were supposed to meet next week and have a discussion about what they had,” he said. “I was gonna be allowed to address what they had, then they just decided to indict him today for whatever reason. I suspect this is succumbing to public pressure.”Greenberg also claimed one of the victims is the same person in a 2003 child pornography case in which Kelly was acquitted in 2008.“One of the cases seems to be a rehash he was acquitted for. Double jeopardy should apply to everyone,” Greenberg said.During the hearing prosecutors told the judge there is no case of double jeopardy involving the victim from Kelly’s previous acquittal because “it is not the same video.”Kelly is also facing at least three different federal investigations including at least one focusing on his alleged relationships with underage girls, who may have been trafficked, multiple law enforcement sources told ABC News.The FBI, Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), and the IRS have opened investigations after Surviving R. Kelly, which aired on Lifetime starting Jan. 3. All three agencies declined to comment. HSI is looking at potential crimes involving sex trafficking and child exploitation. The investigations were first reported by The New Yorker, by Jim DeRogatis, who has been reporting on R. Kelly for almost 20 years.On Thursday, two more women, Latresa Scaff and Rochelle Washington, said they were victims of R. Kelly. Their attorney, Gloria Allred, said the women spoke with federal prosecutors.“Yesterday, I indicated that my two clients who held a press conference here in New York would be speaking to law enforcement, the United States Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of New York, and they did in fact have that interview,” Allred told WABC.‘No question’In addition, Michael Avenatti, who is representing two alleged victims of Kelly, said he gave Cook County prosecutors a video depicting the singer allegedly sexually assaulting a 14-year-old.“Earlier this month we uncovered and recovered a video tape of over 40 minutes in length,” Avenatti said at a press conference Friday. “We promptly brought it to the attention of Ms. Foxx and others in her office. This tape leaves no question as to whether R. Kelly is guilty of multiple sexual illegal acts against a 14-year-old girl. The tape was shot in the late ’90s, approximately 1999, [and] it depicts two separate scenes shot on two separate days within Mr. Kelly’s residence at the time.”“Repeatedly on the video both the victim and Mr. Kelly refer to the victim’s age as being 14,” Avenatti said. “That occurs in excess of 10 separate times on the video, both the victim and Mr. Kelly can be heard referencing her age.”Greenberg said he hadn’t seen the video, but denied the allegation.“Unfortunately, the state’s attorney now succumbed to public pressure, to pressure from grandstanders like Michael Avenatti,” Greenberg said.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
Unfairselection process not discriminatoryBritish Gas Trading v Clark, EAT, unreported, 15 November2000Clarkeworked as a customer sales adviser but subsequently applied for the position ofassistant credit management analyst. He was not shortlisted for interview andbrought a successful race discrimination claim. Thetribunal found that the marking and assessment of application forms had beenchaotic and subjective. British Gas appealed on the basis that the tribunal hadfailed to provide sufficiently clear reasons for its decision and thisprevented the parties from establishing whether or not the tribunal had made anerror in law in reaching its findings of fact. The EATallowed the appeal and held that although the tribunal had found the selectionprocess was generally unfair, the tribunal failed to explain if this resultedin Clarke being treated less favourably than other candidates from a differentracial group with similar work experience. AlthoughBritish Gas had treated Clarke in an unreasonable or unfair way, this was notsufficient to establish less favourable treatment for the purposes of the RaceRelations Act 1976. Comments are closed. Respondent cannot insist on joinder of partyEemtrans UK and (2) Ramage Distribution v(1) McMahon and (2) Massey Freight UK, EAT, IDS Brief 669McMahonstarted proceedings against Eemtrans for unfair dismissal, sex discriminationand unlawful deduction of wages. Ramage was added as second respondent becauseof its possible liability following a TUPE transfer. Eemtransargued that as McMahon’s work had transferred to Massey, that company wasliable and accordingly Massey was added as third respondent. McMahon told thetribunal she did not seek any remedy against Massey and asked that it beremoved from the proceedings. The tribunal chairman complied with her request.Eemtrans wanted Massey to remain a party and also wanted documents andinformation from Massey that it could only obtain if Massey were a party.Thechairman held that pursuant to Rule 17 of the Employment Tribunals Regulations1993, he had no power to join Massey to the action unless McMahon wished toseek redress against it. Eemtrans and Ramage appealed unsuccessfully to theEAT, which held that Rule 17 was clear and unambiguous: a party can only bejoined to the proceedings if relief is sought against it. To assert itsdefence, Eemtrans did not require Massey to be a party to the proceedings. Previous Article Next Article This week’s case round upOn 28 Nov 2000 in Personnel Today Related posts:No related photos.
Following current interpretation of isotope data from oceanic basalts, the case for inheritance of Rb/Sr and 87Sr/86Sr ratios in continental igneous rocks from long-lived heterogeneities in the mantle is reviewed, both from the point of view of necessary conditions and the evidence of published ‘mantle isochrons’. Such inheritance seems unlikely for magmas undergoing plagioclase fractionation and can hardly be claimed for rocks where crustal contamination (especially selective contamination with trace elements or 87Sr alone) is a feasible alternative. Nevertheless, some unfractionated transitional or undersaturated basic volcanics do show remarkable co-variance of Rb/Sr and initial 87Sr/86Sr ratios, indicating ages far in excess of extrusion. These and other arguments suggest that heterogeneous mantle, both enriched and depleted in lithophile trace elements, is incorporated into the continental lithosphere during major crust-mantle differentiation events. Re-distribution of isotopes and incompatible elements in fluid phases or small partial melts may be an important mechanism, although others have suggested addition of enriched material from below the asthenosphere.